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The US–UN Relationship and the Promotion of Democratic Nation-Building Le rapport des Etats-Unis et l'ONU et la promotion bâtiment de nation Las relaciones US–UN y la promoción de la democracia

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Since 1990, both the United Nations and the United States have promoted democratic nation-building in conflict areas. However, despite the common goal of creating stable democracies, the two entities have often worked at cross purposes. Following the 1993 debacle in Somalia, the United States largely deserted UN nation-building efforts and moved toward unilateral democracy promotion. Over the next decade US efforts were directed at establishing Lockean procedural democracies, defined largely in terms of civil and political institutions. In UN parlance, however, democracy has taken on a holistic meaning that provides for the inclusion of social, economic, and cultural factors. This definitional dissonance, coupled with American conservative hostility toward UN democratic nation-building, undermines the effectiveness of UN efforts. US unilateral democracy promotion has proven largely ineffective as well. Democratization would be far better served by US support for on-going UN nation-building. Depuis 1990, les Nations Unies et les Etats-Unis favorisent le bâtiment de nation démocratique dans des régions de conflit. Cependant, en dépit du but commun de créer des démocraties stables, les deux entités se sont souvent contrarié dans leurs buts et méthodes. Après le débâcle en Somalie en 1993, les Etats-Unis ont largement abandonné des e orts de batiment de nation de l'ONU et se sont déplacés vers la promotion unilatérale de démocratie. Pendant le décennie suivant, les efforts ont été dirigés à établir des démocraties procédurales dans le cadre de Locke, dé nies en termes d'institutions civiles et politiques. En même temps, dans le langage de l'ONU, la démocratie a pris une signi cation holistique qui prévoit l'inclusion des facteurs sociaux, économiques, et culturels. Ce dissonance definitionnel, couplé à l'hostilité conservatrice américaine vers le bâtiment de nation démocratique de l'ONU, mine l'effcacité des efforts de l'ONU. En grande partie, la promotion unilatérale de démocratie des Etats-Unis a prouvé aussi bien inefficace. La démocratisation serait meilleur servie par le soutien des Etatsunis du bâtiment de nation en cours de l'ONU Desde 1990, Naciones Unidas y Estados Unidos han promovido la democracia en zonas confictivas. Sin embargo, a pesar del propósito común de crear democracias estables, las dos entidades han trabajado de manera distinta. Desde el debacle de 1993 en Somalia, los Estados Unidos abandonaron los esfuerzos colectivos y actuaron unilateralmente. En la década siguiente sus esfuerzos se dirigieron a establecer democracias procesales, al estilo Locke, definidas principalmente en términos de instituciones civiles y políticas. En la terminología de las Naciones Unidas, sin embargo, la democracia se entiende en sentido global, incluyendo factores sociales, económicos y culturales. Esta disonancia, junto a la hostilidad americana hacia las Naciones Unidas, aminora la efectividad de sus esfuerzos. La promoción unilateral de la democracia ha sido además ine caz. La democratización sería mejor servida si los Estados Unidos apoyaran la acción de las Naciones Unidas.

Affiliations: 1: University of North Carolina, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA

10.1163/187188607X163284
/content/journals/10.1163/187188607x163284
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/content/journals/10.1163/187188607x163284
2007-01-01
2017-03-23

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