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Children as Victims of Structural Violence Les enfants comme victimes de la violence structurelle: Résumé Los niños como víctimas de la violencia estructural

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Structural violence is harm imposed by some people on others indirectly, through the social system, as they pursue their own preferences. Its effects are clear in the massive mortality of children. More than ten million children die before their fifth birthdays every single year. For most children, the immediate cause of death is a combination of malnutrition and ordinary diseases such as diarrhea, malaria, and measles. Given adequate resources, such diseases are readily managed. The limited allocation of resources to meeting children's needs is due more to the ways in which available resources are used than to the absolute shortage of resources. The failure to introduce effective policies and programs for reducing children's mortality (immunization, for example) should sensibly lead to charges of neglect by national governments and the international community. Globally, children's mortality is so massive, so persistent, and so unnecessary, it should be recognized as a kind of genocide. La violence structurale est le mal que les gens font aux autres d'une façon indirect, à travers le système social, alors que les premiers poursuivent leurs propres préférences. Ses effets deviennent bien évidents dans la mortalité massive d'enfants. Chaque année, plus de dix millions enfants meurent avant qu'ils aient cinq ans. Pour la plupart, la cause immédiate de la mort est la combinaison de la malnutrition et des maladies ordinaires comme la diarrhée, la malaria et la rougeole. Ayant des ressources suffisantes, ces maladies sont bien gérables.

La distribution restreinte des ressources douées pour satisfaire les besoins d'enfants est due à la manière dont les ressources sont utilisées plus que le débit absolu de ressources. Le fait de n'avoir pas introduit des lignes d'action et des programmes pour réduire la mortalité des enfants (par exemple, la vaccination) devrait apporter les gouvernements et la communauté internationale aux accusations de négligence. En parlant mondialement, la mortalité des enfants est massive, persistante, et inutile au degré que l'on peut la reconnaître comme étant une sorte de génocide.
La violencia estructural es un daño impuesto por algunas personas a otras de forma indirecta, a través del sistema social, cuando buscan sus propios fines. Un caso importante es el de la mortalidad masiva de niños. Más de diez millones de niños mueren al año antes de cumplir los cinco años. Para la mayoría de ellos la causa inmediata de la muerte es una combinación de desnutrición y enfermedades como la diarrea, la malaria y el sarampión. Con medidas adecuadas estas enfermedades no son mortales. La escasa inversión de recursos en la atención de los niños se debe más a la manera de usarlos que a su carencia. La falta de políticas y programas para reducir la mortalidad infantil, por ejemplo la inmunización, supone la negligencia de los gobiernos y la comunidad internacional. Globalmente, la mortalidad infantil es tan masiva, tan persistente, y tan innecesaria, que nos obliga a considerarla como un caso de genocidio.

10.1163/187219106777304269
/content/journals/10.1163/187219106777304269
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/content/journals/10.1163/187219106777304269
2006-06-01
2016-12-09

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