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Knowledge as a Global Public Good: The Role and Importance of Open Access La connaissance en tant que bien public: le rôle et l'importance d'accès publique El conocimiento como un bien público global: el papel y la importancia del acceso libre

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This paper argues that knowledge should be considered as a global public good first and as a private right second. The argument is underpinned by the claim that the growing movements for source-, data-, and knowledge-sharing (Open Access, Open Source, Open Courseware, etc.) have enhanced our ability to facilitate the global production and dissemination of 'knowledge', so that more people in the world can enjoy its benefits. In contrast with the existing intellectual property regime – which does not succeed in balancing the public and private gains of knowledge – these movements and their corollary technologies have improved peoples' access to knowledge goods and services. By enabling less developed countries to tap into the global knowledge pool they have also provided a new context to rethink the 'digital divide'. Dans cet article, on constate que le savoir devrait d'abord être considérée, comme un droit public et, ensuite, comme un droit privé. L'argument est souligné par la réussite des mouvements de partager les sources, les données, et la connaissance (Open Access, Open Source, Open Courseware, etc.). Ces mouvements ont augmenté notre capacité de faciliter la production et la diffusion internationale de savoir, de sorte que toujours davantage de personnes dans le monde puissent apprécier ses avantages. Contrairement au système présent du propriété intellectuel – qui ne réussit pas à équilibrer les gains publics et les gains privés de connaissance – ces mouvements et leurs technologies ont amélioré l'accès des peuples aux marchandises et aux services de savoir. En permettant au pays moins développés de brancher sur la somme globale de savoir, ils ont également fourni un nouveau contexte pour repenser 'la barrière informatique'. Esta ponencia sostiene que el conocimiento debe ser un bien público global en primer lugar, y después un derecho privado. El argumento se basa en los crecientes movimientos existentes (Open Access, Open Source, Open Courseware, etc.) para compartir fuentes, datos y conocimiento, que han facilitado nuestra habilidad para acceder a la producción y disfrute del conocimiento, de modo que más gente pueda disfrutar de sus benefi cios. En contraste con el sistema de propiedad intelectual vigente, que no logra equilibrar los benefi cios públicos y privados, estos movimientos y sus tecnologías complementarias han mejorado el acceso de la gente a los bienes y servicios del conocimiento. Al permitir a los países menos desarrollados acceder al conocimiento global, han logrado crear un nuevo contexto para repensar la llamada 'brecha digital'.

Affiliations: 1: Research Foundation Flanders and University of Leuven, Belgium

10.1163/187219107X203540
/content/journals/10.1163/187219107x203540
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/content/journals/10.1163/187219107x203540
2007-06-01
2016-12-11

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