Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Year 16 graffito of Akhenaten in Dayr Abū Ḥinnis. A Contribution to the Study of the Later Years of Nefertiti

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Egyptian History

A building inscription in a limestone quarry at Dayr Abū Ḥinnis dated to Year 16 of Akhenaten proves that Akhenaten and Nefertiti were still the royal couple near the end of his reign. It is the highest known date of Queen Nefertiti and the latest dated inscription which can be certainly attributed to Akhenaten himself. The second part of the article evaluates current theories concerning the final years of Nefertiti and the successors of Akhenaten in the light of the new text.

Affiliations: 1: Dayr al-Barshā Project, Near Eastern StudiesKU LeuvenBelgiumAthena.VanderPerre@arts.kuleuven.be

10.1163/18741665-12340014
/content/journals/10.1163/18741665-12340014
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/18741665-12340014
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Aldred C. Akhenaten. King of Egypt 1988 London Thames and Hudson
2. Allen J.P. Brand P. , Cooper L. "“The Amarna Succession”" Causing His Name to Live: Studies in Egyptian Epigraphy and History in Memory of William J. Murnane 2009 Leiden Brill 9 20 [Crossref]
3. Allen J.P. "“Nefertiti and Smenkh-ka-re”" GM 1994 Vol 141 7 17
4. Allen J.P. "“Two Altered Inscriptions of the Late Amarna Period”" 1988 Vol JARCE 25 117 126
5. Ashrafian H. "“Familial epilepsy in the pharaohs of ancient Egypt’s eighteenth dynasty”" Epilepsy & Behavior 2012 Vol 25 21 31 [Crossref]
6. Beckerath J. von Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen 1999 Vol MÄS 49 Mainz am Rhein von Zabern
7. Beinlich H. , Saleh M. Corpus der Hieroglyphischen Inschriften aus dem Grab des Tutanchamun 1989 Oxford Griffith Institute
8. Borchardt L. "“Aus der Arbeit an der Funden von Tell el-Amarna: vorläufiger Bericht”" 1917 Vol MDOG 57 1 32
9. Bouriant U. "“Notes de voyages”" 1893 Vol RdT 14 67 74
10. Boyce A. Kemp B.J. "“Notes on the manufacture and use of faience rings at Amarna”" Amarna Reports V 1989 London Egypt Exploration Society 160 168
11. Breyer F. "“Egyptological Remarks Concerning Daḫamunzu”" 2010 Vol ÄL 20 445 451
12. Bryce T.R. "“The Death of Niphururiya and Its Aftermath”" 1990 Vol JEA 76 97 105
13. Carter H. , Mace A.C. The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amun. Vol. III 1933 London Cassell
14. Černý J. Hieratic Inscriptions from the Tomb of Tut’ankhamūn 1965 Vol Vol. 2 Oxford Griffith Institute Tut’ankhamūn’s Tomb Series
15. Davies N. de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna. Part II: The Tombs of Panehesy and Meryra II 1905 Vol ASE 14 London Egypt Exploration Fund
16. Davies N. de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna. Part III: The Tombs of Huya and Ahmes 1905 Vol ASE 15 London Egypt Exploration Fund
17. Davies N. de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna. Part IV: Tombs of Penthu, Mahu, and others 1906 Vol ASE 16 London Egypt Exploration Fund
18. Depauw M. , Depraetere D. Preys R. "“The Limestone Quarries in the Wâdî Nakhla at Dayr al-Barsha: Qualitative Stone Material for Temple Building”" 7. Ägyptologische Tempeltagung: Structuring Religion 2009 Wiesbaden Harrassowitz 47 61
19. Dijk J. van Shaw I. "“The Amarna Period and the Later New Kingdom”" The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt 2000 Oxford Oxford University Press 272 313
20. Dijk J. van "“Horemheb and the Struggle for the Throne of Tutankhamun”" 1996 Vol BACE 7 29 42
21. Dijk J. van The New Kingdom Necropolis of Memphis. Historical and Iconographical Studies 1993 University of Groningen Unpublished PhD Dissertation
22. Dijk J. van Dijk J. van "“The Noble Lady of Mitanni and Other Royal Favourites of the Eighteenth Dynasty”" Essays on ancient Egypt in honour of Herman te Velde 1997 Groningen Styx 33 46
23. Dijk J. van Demarée R. , Veenhof K.R. "“De restauratiestèle van Toetanchamon”" Zij schreven geschiedenis 2003 Leiden Ex Oriente Lux 226 237
24. Dodson A. Amarna Sunset. Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, and the Egyptian Counter-Reformation 2009 Cairo The American University in Cairo Press
25. Dodson A. Ikram S. , Dodson A. "“Amarna Sunset: the late-Amarna succession revisited”" Beyond the Horizon. Studies in Egyptian Art, Archaeology and History in Honour of Barry J. Kemp 2009 Cairo Supreme Council of Antiquities 29 43
26. Eaton-Krauss M. "“Mummies (and Daddies)”" 2011 Vol GM 230 29 35
27. Ertman E.L. , Hoffmeier J.K. "“A new fragmentary relief of King Ankhkheperure from Tell el-Borg (Sinai)?”" 2008 Vol JEA 94 296 302
28. Falck M. von "“Zwischen Echnaton und Tutanchamun”" 2012 Vol Sokar 25 no. 2 86 97
29. Filer J.M. "“The KV 55 Body: The Facts”" 2000 Vol EA 17 13 14
30. Freed R.E. , Markowitz Y.J. , D’Auria S.H. Farao’s van de Zon. Achnaton, Nefertiti, Toetanchamon 2000 Leiden Ludion [Pharaohs of the Sun. Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Tutankhamen]. Rijksmuseum van Oudheden
31. Gabolde M. "“L’ADN de la famille royale amarnienne et les sources égyptiennes”" Égypte Nilotique et Méditerranéenne 2013 Vol 6 177 203
32. Gabolde M. " D’Akhenaton à Toutânkhamon " Collection de l’Institut d’Archéologie et d’Histoire de l’Antiquité Université Lumière-Lyon 2 1998 Vol Vol. 3 Paris Diffusion de Boccard
33. Gabolde M. Grimm A. "“Das Ende der Amarna Zeit”" Das Geheimnis des goldenen Sarges: Echnaton und das Ende der Amarnazeit 2001 Munich Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst 9 41
34. Gabolde M. Gasse A. , Servajean F. , Thiers C. "“Smenkhkarê à Ugarit?”" Et in Aegypto et ad Aegyptum. Recueil d’études dédiées à Jean-Claude Grenier. II 2012 Vol Cahiers de l’ENiM 5 Montpellier Université Paul Valéry (Montpellier III) 295 329
35. Gabolde M. Brand P. , Cooper L. "“Under a Deep Blue Starry Sky”" Causing His Name to Live: Studies in Egyptian Epigraphy and History in Memory of William J. Murnane 2009 Leiden Brill 109 120 Culture and History of the Ancient Near East 37 [Crossref]
36. Gardiner A.H. "“The Graffito from the Tomb of Pere”" 1928 Vol JEA 14 no. 1/2 10 11
37. Gasse A. "“Rapport préliminaire d’une mission épigraphique à Deir Abou Hennes”" 1983 Vol ASAE 69 95 102
38. Habachi L. Ruffle J. , Gaballa G.A. , Kitchen K.A. "“Unknown or Little-known Monuments of Tutankhamun and of his Viziers”" Glimpses of Ancient Egypt. Studies in Honour of H.W. Fairman 1979 Warminster Aris and Phillips 32 41
39. Hari R. Répertoire onomastique amarnien 1976 Aegyptiaca Helvetica 4. Genève: Ägyptologisches Seminar der Universität Basel, Centre d’études orientales de l’Université de Genève
40. Harris J.R. "“Nefernefruaten”" 1973 Vol GM 4 15 17
41. Harris J.R. "“Neferneferuaten Regnans”" 1974 Vol AcOr 36 11 21
42. Harris J.R. "“Nefertiti Rediviva”" 1973 Vol AcOr 35 5 13
43. Harrison R.G. "“An Anatomical Examination of the Pharaonic Remains Purported to Be Akhenaten”" 1966 Vol JEA 52 95 119
44. Hawass Z. , Gad Y.Z. , Ismail S. , Khairat R. , Fathalla D. , Hasan N. , Ahmed A. , et al "“Ancestry and Pathology in King Tutankhamun’s Family”" 2010 Vol JAMA 303 no. 7 638 647
45. Hayes W.C. Ostraka and Name Stones from the Tomb of Sen-Mūt (N°. 71) at Thebes 1942 Vol Vol. 15 New York Metropolitan Museum of Art Publications of the Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition
46. Hayes W.C. The Scepter of Egypt. A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Part 2: The Hyksos Period and the New Kingdom (1675–1080 B.C.) 1959 Cambridge Harvard University Press
47. Helck W. "“Amarna-Probleme”" 1969 Vol CdE 44 200 213
48. Helck W. "“Kijê”" 1984 Vol MDAIK 40 159 167
49. Hoffmeier J.K. "“Recent Excavations on the ‘Ways of Horus’: The 2005 and 2006 Seasons at Tell El-Borg”" 2006 Vol ASAE 80 257 279
50. Hoffmeier J.K. , Abd El-Maksoud M. "“A New Military Site on ‘The Ways of Horus’: Tell el-Borg 1999–2001: A Preliminary Report”" 2003 Vol JEA 89 169 197
51. Hoffmeier J.K. , Dijk J. Van "“New Light on the Amarna Period from North Sinai”" 2010 Vol JEA 96 191 205
52. Hornung E. , Krauss R. , Warburton D.A. Ancient Egyptian Chronology 2006 Vol Handbook of Oriental Studies 83 Leiden Brill
53. Hornung E. , Staehelin E. Skarabäen und andere Siegelamulette aus Basler Sammlungen 1976 Bd.1 Mainz am Rhein von Zabern Ägyptische Denmäler in der Schweiz
54. Jeffreys D.G. The Survey of Memphis VII. The Hekekyan Papers and Other Sources for the Survey of Memphis 2010 Vol EES Excavation Memoirs Vol. 95 London Egypt Exploration Society
55. Kemp B.J. The City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. Amarna and its People 2012 London Thames & Hudson
56. Krauss R. Das Ende der Amarnazeit. Beiträge zur Geschichte und Chronologie des Neuen Reiches 1981 Vol HÄB 7 Hildesheim Gerstenberg Verlag
57. Krauss R. "“Nefretitis Ende”" 1997 Vol MDAIK 53 209 219
58. Krauss R. "“Neues zu den Stelenfragmenten ucLondon 410 + Kairo je64959.”" 1989 Vol BSEG 13 83 87
59. Leclant J. , Minault-Gout A. "“Fouilles et travaux en Egypte et au Soudan, 1997–1998. Première partie”" 1999 Vol Orientalia 68 313 420
60. Loeben C.E. "“Eine Bestattung der großen königlichen Gemachlin Nofretete in Amarna? Die Totenfigur der Nofretete”" 1986 Vol MDAIK 42 99 107
61. Loeben C.E. "“No Evidence of Coregency: Zwei getilgte Inschriften aus dem Grab von Tutanchamun”" 1991 Vol BSEG 15 81 90
62. Löhr B. "“Ahanjati in Memphis”" 1975 Vol SAK 2 139 187
63. Loon G. van , Delattre A. Boud’hors A. , Gascou J. , Vaillancourt D. "“Le cycle de l’enfance du Christ dans l’église rupestre de Saint-Jean-Baptiste à Deir Abou Hennis”" Études coptes IX. Onzième journée d’études (Strasbourg, 12–14 juin 2003) 2006 Paris De Boccard 119 134
64. Loon G. van , Delattre A. "“La frise des saints de l’église rupestre de Deir Abou Hennis”" 2004 Vol Eastern Christian Art 1 89 112
65. Lopez J. "“Inscriptions hiératiques sur les talatât provenant des temples d’Akhenaton à Karnak”" 1987 Vol Cahiers de Karnak 8 Paris Recherche sur les civilisations 245 270
66. Malek J. Der Manuelian P. "“The ‘coregency relief’ of Akhenaten and Smenkhkare from Memphis”" Studies in Honor of William Kelly Simpson 1996 Boston 553 559
67. Mallinson M. Kemp B.J. "“Excavation and Survey in the Central City”" Amarna Reports VI 1995 London Egypt Exploration Society 169 215
68. Mallinson M. Kemp B.J. "“Investigation of the Small Aten Temple”" Amarna Reports V 1989 London Egypt Exploration Society 115 142
69. Martin G.T. Magee D. , Bourriau J. , Quirke S. "“The Coregency Stela University College London 410”" Sitting beside Lepsius: Studies in Honour of Jaromir Malek at the Griffith Institute 2009 Leuven Peeters 343 359
70. Martin G.T. The Rock Tombs of El-’Amarna. Part VII: The Royal Tomb of El-’Amarna. 2: The Reliefs, Inscriptions, and Architecture 1989 Vol ASE 39 London Egypt Exploration Society
71. Maspero G. The Struggle of the Nations. Egypt, Syria & Assyria 1896 London Society for promoting Christian knowledge
72. McLeod W. Harris J.R. Composite Bows from the Tomb of Tut’ankhamūn 1970 Vol 3 Oxford University Press Tut’ankhamūn’s Tomb Series
73. Möller G. Hieratische Paläograpie. Die Aegyptische Buchschrift in ihrer Entwicklung von der fünften Dynastie bis zur Römischen Kaiserzeit 1965 Vol Vol. II Osnabrück Otto Zeller
74. Murnane W.J. Ancient Egyptian Coregencies 1977 Vol SAOC 40 Chicago University of Chicago Oriental Institute
75. Newberry P.E. "“Akhenaten’s Eldest Son-in-Law ‘Ankhkheprure’”" 1928 Vol JEA 14 no. 1 3 9
76. Nicholson C. Aegyptiaca 1891 London Harrison and Sons
77. Perepelkin Y. The Secret of the Gold Coffin 1978 Moscow Nauka
78. Petrie W.M.F. A History of Egypt. Vol. II: The XVIIth and XVIIIth Dynasties 1896 London Methuen & Co
79. Petrie W.M.F. Tell El Amarna 1894 London Methuen & Co
80. Raven M.J. , Verschoor V. , Vugts M. , Walsem R. van The Memphite Tomb of Horemheb, Commander in Chief of Tutankhamun, V 2011 Vol Vol. 6 Papers on Archaeology of the Leiden Museum of Antiquities, Egyptology Turnhout Brepols
81. Redford D.B. Akhenaten. The Heretic King 1984 Princeton Princeton University Press
82. Redford D.B. History and Chronology of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt: Seven Studies 1967 Vol Vol. 3 Toronto University of Toronto Near and Middle East Series
83. Reeves C.N. Akhenaten. Egypt’s False Prophet 2001 London Thames & Hudson
84. Reeves C.N. "“An Amarna-period Ostracon from the Valley of the Kings”" 2001 Vol Antiquity 25 501 502
85. Reeves C.N. The Complete Tutankhamun: The King, The Tomb, The Royal Treasures 1990 London Thames and Hudson
86. Reeves C.N. "“A Further Occurrence of Nefertiti as ḥmt nsw ꜤꜢt.”" 1978 Vol GM 30 61 69
87. Robins G. "“ ḥmt nsw wrtMeritaton”" 1981 Vol GM 52 75 81
88. Roeder G. "“Thronfolger und König Smench-ka-Rê (Dynastie XVIII).”" 1958 Vol ZÄS 83 43 74
89. Sadowska M. "“Semenkhare and Zananza”" 2000 Vol GM 175 73 77
90. Samson J. Amarna. City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. Nefertiti as Pharaoh 1978 Warminster Aris & Phillips
91. Samson J. "“The Amarna Collection at University College, London." 1951 Vol COA III London Egypt Exploration Society 224 237 (Ch. XI)
92. Samson J. "“Nefernefruaten-Nefertiti “Beloved of Akhenaten”, Ankhkheprure Nefernefruaten “Beloved of Akhenaten”, Ankhkheprure Smenkhkare “Beloved of the Aten”" 1982 Vol GM 57 61 67
93. Samson J. "“Nefertiti’s Regality”" 1977 Vol JEA 63 88 97
94. Samson J. "“Royal Inscriptions from Amarna”" 1973 Vol CdE 48 no. 96 243 250
95. Samson J. "“Royal Names in Amarna History”" 1976 Vol CdE 51 no. 101 30 38
96. Scheil V. Le tombeau de Pâri 1894 Vol Vol. 5,4 Paris Leroux Mémoires publiés par les membres de la mission archéologique française au Caire
97. Schlögl H.A. Nofretete. Die Wahrheit über die schöne Königin 2012 Munich C.H. Beck
98. Schulman A.R. "“The Berlin “Trauerrelief” (No. 12411) and Some Officials of Tut’ankhamn and Ay”" 1965 Vol JARCE 4 55 68
99. Seele K.C. "“King Ay and the Close of the Amarna Age”" 1955 Vol JNES 14 no. 3 168 180
100. Smith G.E. The Royal Mummies 1912 Vol Vol. 59 Cairo IFAO Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes du Musée du Caire
101. Tawfik S. "“Aton Studies 3: Back again to Nefer-nefru-Aton”" 1975 Vol MDAIK 31 no. 1 159 168
102. Traunecker C. , Traunecker F. "“Sur la salle dite “du couronnement” à Tell-el-Amarna”" 1984–1985 Vol BSEG 9–10 285 307
103. Ullmann M. König für die Ewigkeit—Die Häuser der Millionen von Jahren. Eine Untersuchung zu Königskult und Tempeltypologie in Ägypten 2002 Vol ÄAT 51 Wiesbaden Harrassowitz Verlag
104. Van der Perre A. Seyfried Friederike "“Nefertiti’s last documented reference [for now]”" In the Light of Amarna. 100 Years of the Nefertiti Discovery 2012 Berlin Michael Imhof Verlag 195 197
105. Walsem R. van "“The Dutch expedition to Saqqara, 1999–2000”" 2000 Vol EA 17 15 17
106. Willems H. "“The One and the Many in Stela Leiden V1”" 1998 Vol CdE 73 no. 146 231 243
107. Willems H. , Demarée R. "“A Visitor’s Graffito in Dayr Abu Hinnis: Remarks on the Source of Limestone Used in the Construction of al-Amarna”" 2009 Vol RdÉ 60 224 228
108. Wilson J.A. "“Akh-en-Aton and Nefert-iti”" 1973 Vol JNES 32 no. 1/2 235 241
109. Woolley C.L. "“Excavations at Tell el-Amarna”" 1922 Vol JEA 8 no. 1/2 48 82
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/18741665-12340014
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/18741665-12340014
2014-08-18
2017-07-26

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of Egyptian History — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation