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A Syntacto-Cognitive Study of the Diachrony, Synchrony, Etymology and Gloss of the New Persian Formant am/an

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This paper presents a novel analysis of the Persian formant am-/an- in a broad context in order to clarify its diachrony, synchrony, etymology, and gloss. The formant is classified into two types: those derived from Old Iranian ham-/han- “together,” and those belonging to the cognitive process. These formants always convey four metaphoric cognitive percepts: collection/collocation, multiplicity, pluralism and infiltration. These percepts are manifested in three forms: receptacle; cluster, multiplicity, doubling; and, to a lesser degree, permeation. The study also explores the presence of some cross-language regularities in neighboring languages with the same cognitive concept of am-/an-, which conforms to the categories and classifications proposed by this paper.

Affiliations: 1: Arya International University Yerevan


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