Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Ghazā and Ghazā Terminology in Chronicles from the Sixteenth-Century Safavid Courtly Sphere

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Persianate Studies

In the later decades of the fifteenth century, adherents of the Safavid order started raiding the regions of the northern Caucasus and eastern Anatolia. As most of these raids involved Christian principalities, they have earned the Safavid shaikhs Joneyd and Haydar the reputation as ghāzis, as fighters for faith against the infidels. This paper explores how scribes from the sixteenth-century Safavid courtly sphere integrated the order’s early military activities into their narratives of the Safavid past. Further, it examines what sound information may be derived from the narratives on these poorly documented events. The paper concludes with the suggestions that a) those doing in history in Safavid times were much less concerned with Islamic “holy war” than modern historians are, and b) their narratives indicate that attempts to establish territorial rule may have outweighed the fight-for-faith motif.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Amini Sadr al-Din Ebrāhim Fotuhāt-e shāhi: Tārikh-e Safavi az āghāz tā sāl-e 920 h. q. Nasiri M. Tehran 2000/1383
2. Anooshahr A."“The Rise of the Safavids According to their Old Veterans: Amini Haraviʼs Futuhat-e shahi”" Iranian Studies Vol 48 2 March 2015 249 267 [Crossref]
3. Anooshahr A. The Ghazi Sultans and the Frontiers of Islam: A comparative study of the late medieval and early modern periods London/New York City 2009
4. Aubin J."“L’avènement des Safavides reconsidéré (Études safavides iii)”" Moyen Orient et Océan Indien Vol 5 1988 1 130
5. Moin A. A. The Millennial Sovereign: Sacred Kingship and Sainthood in Islam New York City 2012 [Crossref]
6. Bashir S."“The Origins and Rhetorical Evolution of the Term Qizilbāsh in Persianate Literature”" jesho Vol 57 3 2014 364 391
7. Conermann S. Historiographie als Sinnstiftung: Indo-persische Geschichtsschreibung während der Mogulzeit (932–1118/1516–1707) Wiesbaden 2002
8. Dale S. F. The Muslim Empires of the Ottomans, Safavids, and Mughals Cambridge 2010
9. Daniel E. The History of Iran 2nd ed. Santa Barbara 2012
10. Darling L."“Contested Territory: The Ottoman Holy War in Comparative Context”" Studia Islamica Vol 91 2000 133 163 [Crossref]
11. Khonji-Esfahāni Fazlallāh b. Ruzbehān Tārikh-e ʿālam-ārā-ye Amini: Sharh-e hukm-rāni‑e salātin-e Āq Qoyunlu va zuhur-e Safaviyān ʿĀsheq M. A. Tehran 2003/1382
12. Fahd T., Heinrichs W., Abdesselem A."“Saḏj̲ʿ”" ei 2nd ed.Vol vol. 8 Leiden 1995 732 738
13. Fodor P."“Aḥmedī’s Dāsitān as a Source of Early Ottoman History”" Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae Vol 38 1–2 1984 41 54
14. Gallagher A."“Shah Ismaʿil’s Poetry in the Silsilat al-Nasab-i Safawiyya”" Iranian Studies Vol 44 6 November 2011 895 911 [Crossref]
15. Ghaffāri Qazvini Qāzi Ahmad Tārikh-e jahān-ārā Naraqi H. Tehran 1964/1343
16. Gronke M. Derwische im Vorhof der Macht: Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte Nordwestirans im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert Stuttgart 1993
17. Hinz W. Irans Aufstieg zum Nationalstaat im fünfzehnten Jahrhundert Berlin/Leipzig 1936 [Crossref]
18. Imber C."“Ideals and Legitimation in Early Ottoman History”" Kunt M., Woodhead C. Süleyman the Magnificent and His Age London/New York City 1995 138 153
19. Imber C."“What does ghazi actually mean?”" Balım-Harding Ç., Imber C. The Balance of Truth: Essays in Honour of Professor Geoffrey Lewis Istanbul 2000 165 178
20. Kafadar C. Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State Berkley 1995
21. Khvāndamir Amir Mahmud b. Tārikh-e Shāh Esmāʿil va Shāh Tahmāsb-e Safavi: Zeyl-e tārikh-e Habib al-siyar Jarrāhi M. Tehran 1991/1370
22. Khvāndamir Gheyās al-Din al-Hoseyni Tārikh-e Habib al-siyar fi akhbār afrād bashar 4 vols. Homāʾi J. Tehran 2001/1380
23. Lowry H. The Nature of the early Ottoman State Albany, NY 2003
24. Matthee R."“Safavid Dynasty”" EIr. London/New York City 28 July 2008 online:
25. Mazzaoui M. M."“The Ghāzī background of the Ṣafavid State”" Iqbāl Review Vol 12 3 1971 79 90
26. Mazzaoui M. M. The Origins of the Ṣafawids: Šīʿism, Ṣūfism, and the Ġulāt Wiesbaden 1972
27. Mitchell C. New Perspectives on Safavid Iran: Empire and Society London/New York City 2011
28. Morimoto K."“The Earliest ʿAlid Genealogy for the Safavids: New Evidence for the Pre-dynastic Claim to Sayyid status”" Iranian Studies Vol 43 4 September 2010 447 469 [Crossref]
29. Mostowfi Qazvini Hamdallāh Tārikh-e gozida Navāʾi ʿA. Tehran 1960/1339
30. Newman A. Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire London/New York City 2006
31. Paul J. The State and the Military: The Samanid Case Bloomington 1994
32. Qazvini Budāq Monshi Javāher al-akhbār. Bakhsh-e tārikh-e Irān az Qarā Qoyunlu tā sāl‑e 984 h. q. Bahrāmnezhād M. Tehran 2000/1378
33. Qazvini Yahyā Lobb al-tavārikh Mohaddes M. Tehran 2007/1386
34. Quinn S. Historical Writing During the Reign of Shah ʿAbbas: Ideology, Imitation and Legitimacy in Safavid Chronicles Cambridge 2000
35. Quinn S."“The Dreams of Shaykh Ṣafī al-Dīn in Late Safavid Chronicles”" Marlow L. Dreaming Across Boundaries: The Interpretation of Dreams in Islamic Lands Cambridge 2008 221 234
36. Quinn S., Melville C."“Safavid Historiography”" Melville C. Persian Historiography: A History of Persian Literature A History of Persian literature 10 London 2012 209 257
37. Roemer H."“The Safavid Period”" Jackson P., Lockhart L. The Cambridge History of IranVol vol. 6, The Timurid and Safavid Periods Cambridge 1986 189 350
38. Roemer H. Persien auf dem Weg in die Neuzeit: Iranische Geschichte von 1350–1750 Stuttgart 1989
39. Rumlu Hasan Beg Ahsan al-tavārikh 3 vols. Navāʾi ʿA. Tehran 2005/1384
40. Savory R."“The Emergence of the Modern Persian State under the Safavids”" Īrānshenāsī Vol 2 2 1971 1 44
41. Savory R. Iran under the Safavids Cambridge 1980
42. Shirāzi ʿAbdi Beg Takmelat al-akhbār: Tārikh-e Safaviyya az āghāz tā 978 hejri-ye qamari Navāʾi ʿA. Tehran 1990/1369
43. Shukurov R."“The Campaign of Shaykh Djunayd Ṣafawī against Trebizond (1456 ad/860 H)”" Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies Vol 17 1 1993 127 140 [Crossref]
44. Trausch T. Formen höfischer Historiographie im 16. Jahrhundert: Geschichtsschreibung unter den frühen Safaviden: 1501–1578 Vienna 2015
45. Torkmān Eskandar Beg Tārikh-e ʿālam-ārā-ye ʿAbbāsi Afshār I. 2 vols. Tehran 2009/1387
46. Vāla Esfahāni Mohammad Yusof Khold-e barin: Irān dar ruzgār-e Safaviyān Mohaddes M. Tehran 2009/1387
47. Wansbrough J."“Res ipsa loquitor: History and Mimesis”" Berg H. Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins Leiden 2003 3 19
48. Wittek P. The Rise of the Ottoman Empire London 1958
49. Woods J. The Aq Qoyunlu: Clan, Confederation, Empire Salt Lake City 1999
50. Yıldırım R."“In the Name of Hoseyn’s Blood: The Memory of Karbala as Ideological Stimulus to the Safavid Revolution”" jps Vol 8 2 2015 127 154

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Persianate Studies — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation