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Entre Repli Communautaire et Fait Missionnaire. Deux Mouvements Religieux (Chrétien et Musulman) Ouest-Africains en Perspective Comparative

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This article proposes a comparative analysis of two West African religious movements which a-priori do not seem to have anything in common, the Mouvement Mondial pour l'Unicité de Dieu (a Senegalese neo-islamic group) and the Centre International d'Evangélisation (a pentecostal movement from Burkina Faso). It argues that despite confessional and contextual diff erences, both are involved in the same process of remoralisation of their environment. Both are urban youth movements with a strong missionary component. ey both constitute autonomous moral spaces which produce and promote totalising religious identities in a clear breach from a profane society they consider impure. ey also share jihadist or evangelistic views on the need to conquer and dominate the national as well as international fields, convinced as they are of their mission to "re-enchant" the world. Cet article met en perspective comparée deux mouvements religieux ouest-africains a-priori antinomiques, le Mouvement Mondial pour l'Unicité de Dieu (groupe islamique néo-confrérique sénégalais) et le Centre International d'Evangélisation (mouvement pentecôtiste burkinabé) afi n de démontrer qu'au-delà des clivages confessionnels et des diff érences contextuelles, tous deux sont impliqués dans un même processus de remoralisation de leur environnement. Mouvements de jeunes urbains, ils ont ainsi comme caractéristique commune le fait missionnaire. Ils constituent chacun des espaces moraux autonomes, producteurs d'identités religieuses totalisantes et souvent en digression par rapport à une société profane jugée impure. Mais ils sont également très fortement inscrits dans un esprit conquérant jihadiste ou évangéliste et cherchent à s'imposer dans un champ religieux national puis international, convaincus de leur mission de réenchantement du monde.


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