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A New Nematode Genus Paralongidorus (Nematoda: Dorylaimoidea) With Descriptions of Two New Species and Observations On Paralongidorus Citri ( Siddiqi 1959 ) N. Comb

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Two new species are described, one from India and the other from Australia and India, which have a stylet and guide ring similar to Longidorus Micoletzky, 1922, but the amphids are funnel- to stirrup-shaped with wide slit-like apertures resembling those of Xiphinema Cobb, 1913. Paralongidorus n.g. is proposed for these and Longidorus citri (Siddiqi, 1959) Thorne, 1961 is included in this new genus. The type species P. sali n. sp., has conspicuous amphid apertures, funnel-shaped amphid pouches in lateral view, a narrow lip region continuous with the body contour and a short round tail. P. sacchari n. sp. is larger than P. sali, its amphid apertures extend almost across the head and the pouches are stirrup-shaped. The tail is dorsally convex, roundly conoid, about an anal-body-width long. A hemizonid has been seen in both species, the first report of this structure in Longidorinae. The body of one female of P. sali was filled with "spores" probably of a sporozoan.

Affiliations: 1: Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Herts, England; 2: Dept. of Zoology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh (U.P.), India


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