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Leaf-Browning of Ficus Spp., New Host Plants of Aphelenchoides Fragariae (Ritzema Bos)

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Aphelenchoides fragariae (Ritzema Bos) can invade the leaves of Ficus elastica decora and cause extensive browning. Other susceptible species are F. elastica, F. elastica decora variegata, F. religiosa, F. bengalensis, F. rubiginosa. In the browned portions of the leaf the presence of chlorogenic acid could be demonstrated whereas a healthy leaf does not contain this substance. From this observation it is understood that polyphenols can be liberated in the host through the action of β-glucosidase on conjugated phenols (glycosides etc.). The presence of this enzyme in A. fragariae could be demonstrated.

Affiliations: 1: Rijkslandbouwhogeschool, Ghent, Belgium


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