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Influence of Fungi On Host Preference, Host Suitability, and Morphometrics of Five Mycophagous Nematodes

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For more content, see Nematology.

Influence of ten fungi was studied on host preference, host suitability, and morphometrics of a parthenogenetic and a bisexual isolate of a species of Ditylenchus resembling D. triformis, and one isolate each of Neotylenchus lin f ordi, Aphelenchus avenae, and Paraphelenchus acontioides. Consistent differences in numbers of nematodes recovered from two young fungal colonies located at opposite sides of a dish 18 hours after the nematodes were introduced were too great to be explained as random distribution. None of the fungi tested repulsed any of the nematodes. Five of the fungi tested were rated as excellent hosts for most of the nematodes, two as good hosts, two as poor, and Pythium irregulare as a nonhost. Nematode morphometrics varied considerably within populations reared on a single fungus and between populations reared on different fungi. Position of the vulva varied the least of the five values studied, varying only 1.3% from the mean in N. linfordi. No consistent correlation was found between host preference, host suitability and morphometrics.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, U.S.A


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