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The Influence of a Non-Ionic Detergent On the Movement of Larvae of Meloidogyne Javanica

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For more content, see Nematology.

The motility of larvae of M, javanica between sand particles is influenced by particle size and suction. In 500-1000 μ particles, movement occurs in films over the particles and by adding a non-ionic detergent to the water the suction-motility relationship is affected. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that motility in water films depends on the surface tension properties of the film. Addition of the detergent to soil at concentrations as low as 0.0001% reduced infection of tomato plants, probably by reducing speed of migration as the detergent was not toxic to nematodes or plants and did not cause increased translocation of the nematodes down the soil profile. The rate of hatch was lower in agral (0.001%) than in water.

Affiliations: 1: Division of Horticultural Research, C.S.I.R.O., Glen Osmond, South Australia


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