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Ethylene Dibromide Toxicity To Adults, Larvae and Moulting Stages of Aphelenchus Avenae

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For more content, see Nematology.

The survival of adults, larvae and molting stages of Aphelenchus avenae was compared following exposure to EDB for various periods. In all cases larvae were more susceptible than adults. Molting nematodes were more susceptible than non-molting nematodes in a closely related stage of development. Toxicity of EDB to sensitive larval stages was greatly reduced at a lower temperature (15°C). Mortality of larvae was greater following short intermittent exposures over four days rather than a single exposure of equal duration. Anaerobic conditions lowered the toxicity of EDB to adults and fourth-stage larvae. Fecundity of adults treated during the fourth molt was drastically reduced. Egg production by those treated at the end of the molt was normal except for a two-day lag period. A connection between aerobic metabolism and toxicity of EDB is suggested.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Nematology, University of California Riverside, California 92502


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