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The Structure of the Glandular Part of the Esophagus of Tylenchidae

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For more content, see Nematology.

The glandular part of the esophagus of tylenchids in which it is said to overlap the intestine differs from that of species having a glandular bulb in one or more of the following respects: ventral shift of the esophageal lumen to a position between the subventral glands, lateral shift of this lumen to a position between the dorsal and one subventral gland, forward displacement of the esophago-intestinal junction and elongation of the subventral glands or of the dorsal gland. The ventral shift of the esophageal lumen occurs, for example, in Rotylenchus, Hoplolaimus, Radopholus and Nacobbus; the lateral shift together with elongation of the subventral glands, in Pratylenchus, Helicotylenchus, Heterodera and Meloidogyne; the lateral shift together with elongation of the dorsal gland, in Telotylenchus, Trichotylenchus, Morulaimus, Belonolaimus and Aphasmatylenchus. The latter genera are closely related to certain genera with a glandular bulb.

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Phytopathological Research, Wageningen, the Netherlands


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