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The Influence of Some Anthelmintic Drugs On the Population Growth of the Free-Living Nematodes Caenorhabditis Briggsae and Turbatrix Aceti (Nematoda : Rhabditida)

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Drugs with specific and intensive toxicity to nematodes, termed nematicides, might be suitable for the isolation of nematicide-resistant mutants. For this purpose, several medical anthelmintics, namely ascaridol, bephenium, d-tubocurarine chloride, piperazine adipate, piperazine hydrate, phenothiazine, n-hexylresorcinol, dithiazanine iodide, pyrvinium pamoate and thiabendazole have been tested for their influence on the population growth of Caenorhabditis briggsae and Turbatrix aceti. Ascaridol, bephenium, d-tubocurarine chloride, piperazine adipate, piperazine hydrate, phenothiazine and n-hexylresorcinol were shown to have a small to moderate toxicity. The effect of thiabendazole on population growth of C. briggsae is moderate, but its action on T. aceti is intense. Finally, dithiazanine iodide and pyrvinium pamoate are very toxic to both nematodes. It is concluded that dithiazanine iodide, pyrvinium pamoate and thiabendazole (restricted to T. aceti) might be suitable for the isolation of resistant mutants.

Affiliations: 1: Instituut voor Dierkunde, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, Belgium


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