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Nematodes as Nutrients for Soil Fungi

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For more content, see Nematology.

Two nematode-trapping fungi, Arthrobotrys conoides and Monacrosporium rutgeriensis, and a non-predacious soil fungus, Rhizoctonia solani, were grown using nematodes as the sole source of nutrient. The test nematode species was Panagrellus redivivus. Colony diameters of all three fungi on water agar, cornmeal agar, and water agar containing nematodes, were not significantly different from each other, although cornmeal and nematode agar supported fungal growth that was the most compact and luxuriant. On "nematode-agar" growth of R. solani was comparable to that on control cornmeal agar. Sporulation and trap formation of A. conoides was greater than on cornmeal agar. With M. rutgeriensis sporulation and trap formation were not increased over than on nematode-agar. Cultures of A, conoides in sterile quartz sand grew faster, sporulated more and produced greater numbers of traps in the presence than in the absence of autoclaved nematodes.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Cook College, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, U.S.A.


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