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Life Cycle and Description of How Ardula Husseyi N. Sp. (Tylenchida: Allantonematidae), a Nematode Parasite of the Mushroom Phorid Megaselia Halterata (Diptera: Phoridae)

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image of Nematologica
For more content, see Nematology.

Howardula busseyi n. sp. is illustrated and described. It is an obligate parasite of the mushroom phorid fly Megaselia halterata. Female H. husseyi lay eggs in the haemocoel of phorid pupae and adults. First stage larvae moult soon after hatching. Second stage larvae invade the host's ovaries, pass into the oviducts and are liberated into mushroom compost during fly oviposition. In the compost further larval moults occur: female larvae moult twice to reach the fourth stage (when they are inseminated), while developing males moult three times to become adults. Adult males die after inseminating pre-adult females which are then infective. The latter penetrate young phorid maggots, undergo a final moult and develop into flaccid microvilli-covered adults.

Affiliations: 1: Glasshouse Crops Research Institute, Littlehampton, W. Sussex BN16 3PU


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