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Generation Polymorphism in Neoaplectana Glaseri Steiner (Steinernematidae: Nematoda), Redescribed From Strigoderma Arboricola (Fab.) Scarabaeidae: Coleoptera) in North Carolina

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Neoaplectana glaseri Steiner (Steinernematidae: Nematoda) is redescribed from material obtained from parasitized larvae of Strigoderma arboricola (Fab.) (Scarabaeidae: Coleoptera) in North Carolina. Naturally occurring xenic populations of this nematode were lost when the original cultures obtained from Japanese beetle larvae (Popillia japonica Newm.), were carried into axenic culture. An emended description of N. glaseri is given which illustrates both quantitative and qualitative differences between the first and second generation adults when reared in wax moth larvae [Galleria mellonella (L.)]. A symbiotic bacterium was discovered which is carried in the intestinal tract of the infective stage juveniles of N. glaseri and released when these juveniles enter the hemocoel of an insect host. It is now postulated that N. glaseri is a native parasite and was not introduced into North America with its type host, the Japanese beetle. N. glaseri is well adapted to soil conditions and now that xenic populations of this nematode, along with their symbiotic bacterium, have been re-discovered, investigations on their use against pest insects can be initiated.

Affiliations: 1: Division of Entomology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, U.S.A.


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