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On Endotokia Matricida and Intra-Uterine Development and Hatching in Nematodes

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A bibliographic study has established that Seurat (1914, 1920), the first author known to have used the term "endotokia matricida", gave it the meaning of cyst-formation as occurs commonly in the Heteroderidae. However, later workers have used the term to describe what Seurat (1920) himself called "éclosion intra-utérine" (hatching of larvae inside the body of the female, followed by destruction of the latter upon exiting) or even the simple "développement intra-utérin" (dévelopment of larvae entirely inside the uterus of the female). Therefore, the authors recommend: - discontinuing the use of the term "endotokia matricida"; - the use of the term "female encystment" which corresponds to the original meaning of "endotokia matricida"; - to introduce the term "matricidal hatching", for the particular type of intra-uterine larval development leading to the destruction of the female by the larvae.

Affiliations: 1: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Laboratoire des Vers, 43 rue Cuvier, Paris 5; 2: Laboratoire de Nématologie, ORSTOM, B.P. 1386, Dakar, Sénégal


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