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Population Dynamics of Helicotylenchus Multicinctus and Other Nematodes On Bananas From a Subtropical Environment

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For more content, see Nematology.

The population dynamics of Helicotylenchus multicinctus and associated nematodes were studied at three sites for 13 months. Though heavy rainfall caused a population reduction for H. multicinctus and Meloidogyne incognita, temperature was the major environmental factor limiting population size. Cold winter temperatures halted the development of H. multicinctus so that with the onset of spring, a peak of adult nematodes occurred which was followed by two successive peaks before the onset of low temperatures. Thus, temperature synchronised the development cycle of H. multicinctus so that three generations occurred in 1977/78. Temperature and overall population size were related so that there was a lag of 2 months between a change in temperature and a corresponding change in nematode numbers. The relationship between changes in overall nematode numbers, population structure, banana growth, and temperature are discussed.

Affiliations: 1: Citrus and Subtropical Fruit Research Institute, Private Bag X 11208 Nelspruit, 1200 South Africa


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