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Influence of Soil Texture and Moisture On the Infectivity of Heterorhabditis Sp. D1 and Steinernema Glaseri for Larvae of the Sheep Blowfly, Lucilia Cuprina

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For more content, see Nematology.

Lucilia cuprina larvae were exposed to infective juvenile nematodes of Heterorhabditis sp. D1 and Steinernema glaseri KG strain in sand, loamy sand and a clay loam at various moisture contents representing a range of moisture potentials. Parasitism was less in soils of high clay content, with the larger nematode, S. glaseri, having the lowest level of parasitism. Parasitism in loamy sand occurred at low moisture potentials equivalent to or below the permanent wilting point of plants. In sand only, both nematode species parasitised larvae at high moisture potentials close to saturation. Moisture potential was found to be more meaningful than moisture content per se for comparisons of nematode parasitism in different soil types. Heterorhabditis and Steinernema species are potential control agents of post-feeding, 3rd instar L. cuprina larvae and other soil-dwelling insect pests in areas of low rainfall and suitable soil texture.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Entomology, Waite Agricultural Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Glen Osmond, 5064 South Australia, Australia; 2: Division of Entomology, CSIRO, Stowell Avenue, Hobart, 7000 Tasmania, Australia


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