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Adhesion and Infection of Plant Parasitic Nematodes By the Fungus Drechmeria Coniospora

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For more content, see Nematology.

Nine plant parasitic nematode species were examined for factors related to parasitism by the endoparasitic nematophagous fungus Drechmeria coniospora. Two species were good hosts and the remainder were not parasitized. The patterns of conidial adhesion were classified as 1) specifically to the head and tail, 2) all over the body, and 3) very sparse attachment. Conidia adhered readily to 3 species of cyst nematode, but none was infected. No relation was observed between the tenacity of conidial attachment and the ability of the fungus to infect. Of the several enzymes tested for their effects on attachment of conidia to Heterodera avenae, only trypsin treatment of the conidia significantly reduced adhesion suggesting the involvement of a protein in the adhesion process.

Affiliations: 1: ) Department of Microbial Ecology, University of Lund, S-223 62 Lund, Sweden; 2: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003, U.S.A.


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