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Effects of Root-Lesion Nematodes (Pratylenchus Brachyur Us Godfrey and P. Zeae Graham) and Fusarium Moniliforme Sheldon Alone or in Combination, On Maize

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For more content, see Nematology.

The effects of the association between the root-lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus brachyurus and P. zeae, and the root-rot fungus, Fusarium moniliforme, on maize growth, root-rot severity and root-lesion nematode population were studied under greenhouse conditions. Five inoculation treatments were applied and the effects monitored over 12 weeks. The results demonstrated that the root-lesion nematodes and the fungus affected plant growth more when combined than when alone, and were most severe during the seedling stage. Root-rot severity fluctuated during the experiment and significant differences between the treatments could only be found from 4 weeks following planting. The presence of the fungus facilitated the attraction and/or penetration of the root-lesion nematodes into the roots of the maize seedlings.

Affiliations: 1: Grain Crops Research Institute, Private Bag X1251, Potchefstroom 2520, Republic of South Africa; 2: Department of Zoology, Potchefstroom University for CHE, Potchefstroom 2520, Republic of South Africa; 3: Department of Botany, Potchefstroom University for CHE, Potchefstroom 2520, Republic of South Africa


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