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Parasitism of Xiphinema Americanum and X. Rivesi By Catenaria Anguillulae and Other Zoosporic Fungi in Soil Solution, Baermann Funnels, or Soil

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In dilute soil extract, Xiphinema rivesi was more susceptible than X. americanum to Catenaria anguillulae; the virulence of six isolates of C. anguillulae to Xiphinema also differed. When added to Baermann funnels, zoosporic fungi infected significant numbers of Xiphinema spp. but did not affect the number of nematodes extracted. In a greenhouse test, soil naturally infested with X. americanum and X. rivesi was amended with zoosporic fungi and planted with sudan grass. After 3 months, the zoosporic fungi had not reduced nematode numbers but infected significant numbers of Xiphinema in Baermann funnels; thus, the fungal inoculum persisted for 3 months in soil.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Pathology, Pennsylvania State University, Fruit Research Laboratory, Biglerville, PA 17307


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