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First record of a female stylopid (Strepsiptera: ?Myrmecolacidae) parasite of a prionomyrmecine ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Baltic amber

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image of Insect Systematics & Evolution

A female stylopid parasitising an ant of the genus Prionomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) is described and illustrated from Baltic amber (Eocene, 39-50 million years old). This new fossil is tentatively considered as a plesiomorphic member of the Myrmecolacidae. Recent Myrmecolacidae parasitise dual hosts: males parasitise Formicidae, while females parasitise either Mantodea or Ensifera. This is the first record of a female stylopid parasitising Formicidae. The phylogenetic relationships of the Myrmecolacidae and the origin of their unique dual host relationship are discussed.

Affiliations: 1: H. Pohl & R. Kinzelbach, Fachbereich Biowissenschaften, Institut für Biodiversitätsfor- schung, Allgemeine und Spezielle Zoologie, Universitätsplatz 5, D-18055 Rostock, Germany (, Email:


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