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The limits of the family Evaniidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) and a new genus from Lebanese Amberamber

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The definition of the family Evaniidae is revised and Cretevaniidae are synonymised with Evaniidae based on evidence derived from recently described Mesozoic taxa and a new genus and species, Lebanevania azari, described here from Lebanese amber. A fore leg with a long trochanter and a 12-segmented antenna are autapomorphies of the new genus. A large, high and wide head and a high and short mesosoma are derived characters shared with other Evaniidae. The new genus also has complete fore wing venation and lacks a tubular petiole, which are ground plan features of the Evanioidea. A cladistic analysis of fossil and extant members of the superfamily Evanioidea and notes on fossil taxa are presented.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Literature, Cumhuriyet University, 58140-Sivas, Turkey (, Email:; 2: Palaeontological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117647 Moscow, Russia (, Email:; 3: Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK (, Email:; 4: D. L. J. Quicke, Unit of Parasitoid Systematics, Department of Biological Sciences, Imperial College at Silwood Park, Ascot SL5 7PY, UK, Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK (, Email:


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