Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Colophon larvae: descriptions and phylogenetic implications

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Insect Systematics & Evolution

The aim of the Colophon larval study was to enable researchers to identify the species found in the field; to use larvae as an alternative for adults in molecular studies; to comment on possible phylogenetic information that may contribute to the sub-familial placement of the genus; and to obtain habitat preference data. To achieve this, larvae of four Colophon species were examined and their main diagnostic morphological characters identified. Larvae live in a fairly homogeneous micro-habitat of moist, humus-rich soil in protected places such as under rocky overhangs and amongst the roots and tussocks of Restionaceae. Colophon larvae show small inter-specific differences and larval characters contributed little equivocal information from which phylogenetic support for family placement could be deduced. Apparently, as with many scarabaeoid groups (Trogidae, Scarabaeidae), larval morphology may not have diversified much from the basal ground-plan and it remains for other (adult) phylogenetically significant morphological characters or DNA to provide more clarity on Colophon’s subfamilial placement.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, 0028, Pretoria, South Africa


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Anonymous. ( 1994) "Analyses of proposals to amend the CITES Appendices". Ninth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Fort Lauderdale (USA), 718November 1994. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission TRAFFIC Network.
2. Barnard K.H. ( 1929) "A study of the genus ColophonGray". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa Vol 18: 163182.
3. Browne J. ,& Scholtz C.H. ( 1999) "A phylogeny of the families of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera)". Systematic Entomology Vol 24: 5184.
4. Cowling R.M. ( 1992) The Ecology of Fynbos: Nutrients, Fire and Diversity . Oxford University Press, Cape Town.
5. Cowling R.M. ,, Gibbs Russell G.E. ,, Hoffman M.T. ,& Hilton-Taylor C. ,( 1989) "Patterns of plant species diversity in southern Africa". In: Huntley B.J. (Ed.) Biotic Diversity in Southern Africa . Concepts and Conservation. Oxford University Press, Cape Town: pp. 1950.
6. Cowling R.M. ,, Proches S. ,& Partridge T. ( 2009) "Explaining the uniqueness of the Cape flora: Incorporating geomorphic evolution as a factor for explaining its diversification". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Vol 51: 6474.
7. Didier R. ,& Séguy E. ( 1953) Catalogue illustré des Lucanides du Globe. Text and atlas . Paul Lachavalier, Paris.
8. Endrödy-Younga S. ( 1988) "Evidence for the low-altitude origin of the Cape Mountain Biome derived from the systematic revision of the genus Colophon Gray (Coleoptera: Lucanidae)". Annals of the South African Museum Vol 96: 359424.
9. Galley C. ,& Linder H.P. ( 2006) "Geographical affinities of the Cape flora, South Africa". Journal of Biogeography Vol 33: 236250.
10. Geertsema H. ,& Owen C. ( 2007) "Notes on the habitat and adult behaviour of three red-listed Colophonspp. (Coleoptera: Lucanidae) of the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa". Journal of Insect Conservation Vol 11: 4346.
11. Gess F.W. ,& Gess S.K. ( 1993) "Irresponsible collecting for financial gain". Letters African Wildlife Vol 47: 187.
12. Giliomee J.H. ( 2003) "Insect diversity in the Cape Floristic Region". African Journal of Ecology Vol 41: 237244.
13. Grebennikov V.V. ,& Scholtz C.H. ( 2004) "The basal phylogeny of Scarabaeoidea (Insecta: Coleoptera) inferred from larval morphology". Invertebrate Systematics Vol 18: 321348.
14. Holloway B.A. ( 1960) "Taxonomy and phylogeny in Lucanidae". Records of Dominion Museum, Wellington Vol 3, 321365.
15. Lacordaire T. ( 1856) Histoire naturelle des insects. Genera des coléoptères. Pectinicornes 3 . Roret, Paris.
16. Lawrence J.F. ( 1981) "Notes on larval Lucanidae (Coleoptera)". Australian Journal of Entomology Vol 20: 213219.
17. Linder H.P. ( 2003) "The radiation of the Cape flora, southern Africa". Biological Reviews Vol 78: 597638.
18. Lutjeharms J.R.E. ,, Monteiro P.M.S. ,, Tyson P.D. ,& Obura D. ( 2001) "The oceans around southern Africa and regional effects of global change". South African Journal of Science Vol 97: 119130.
19. Meadows M.E. ( 2006) "Global change and southern Africa". Geographical Research Vol 44: 135145.
20. Melisch R. ,& Schütz P. ( 2000) "Butterflies and beetles in Germany". Traffic Bulletin Vol 18: 9193.
21. Midgley G.F. ,, Hannah L. ,, Roberts R. ,, MacDonald D.J. ,& Allsopp J. , ( 2001) "Have Pleistocene climatic cycles influenced species richness patterns in the Greater Cape Mediterranean Region?" Journal of Mediterranean Ecology Vol 2: 137144.
22. Midgley G.F. ,, Hannah L. ,, Millar D. ,, Thuiller W. ,& Booth A. ( 2003) "Developing regional and species-level assessments of climate change impacts on biodiversity in the Cape Floristic Region". Biological Conservation Vol 112: 8797.
23. Myers N. ,, Mittermeier C.G. ,, Da Fonseca G.A.B. ,& Kent J. ( 2000) "Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities". Nature Vol 403: 853858.
24. New T.R. ( 2012) Insect Conservation: Past, Present and Prospect . Springer, London.
25. Parmesan C. ,& Yohe G. 2003. "A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems". Nature Vol 421: 3742.
26. Perry F.J.S. ( 1864) "A catalogue of lucanoid Coleoptera, with illustrations and descriptions of various new and interesting species". Transactions of the Entomological Society of London Vol 3: 1113.
27. Ritcher P.O. ( 1966) White Grubs and their Allies. A study of North American Scarabaeoid Larvae Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.
28. Roets F. ,, Pryke J.S. ,& McGeoch M.A. ( 2012) "Abiotic variables dictate the best monitoring times for the endangered Table Mountain stag beetle ( Colophon westwoodiGray 1832, Coleoptera: Lucanidae)". Journal of Insect Conservation: 17.
29. Scholtz C.H. ,& Endrödy-Younga S. ( 1994) "Systematic position of ColophonGray (Coleoptera: Lucanidae), based on larval characters". African Entomology Vol 2: 1320.
30. Tyson P. ,, Odada E. ,, Schulze R. ,& Vogel C. ,( 2002) "Regional-global change linkages: Southern Africa". In: Tyson P. ,, Fuchs R. ,, Fu C. ,, Lebel L. ,, Mitra A.P. ,, Perry J. ,, Steffen W. ,& Virja H. (Eds) Global-Regional Linkages in the Earth System . Springer, Berlin, pp. 373.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Insect Systematics & Evolution — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation