Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Maxillolabial complex in scelionids (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): morphology and phylogenetic implications

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Insect Systematics & Evolution

The Platygastroidea is a highly diverse group of small to minute parasitoid wasps. Despite the reduced size, the morphology of the maxillolabial complex of scelionids is very diverse and phylogenetically informative. 81 characters are scored for 129 genera (representing 75% of the total number of known extant genera of scelionids), as well as for seven outgroup taxa. All taxa examined are illustrated with images, SEM micrographs and/or line drawings. Phylogenetic trees resulting from analyses conducted in TNT under various settings were not fully resolved, but some relationships were repeatedly retrieved. The Platygastroidea are usually corroborated. Nixoniini, Sparasionini, Plaumannion and Huddlestonium are frequently retrieved as the most basal platygastroid lineages. Psix and Paratelenomus often form a monophyletic group close to Gryonini. The Scelioninae, Teleasinae and Telenominae are not supported as monophyletic. However, some major scelionid clades are frequently retrieved, but these are not recognized in the current classification of Platygastroidea. The evolution of the palpal formula, highly variably in scelionids, and previously used in platygastroid systematics, is explored. The number of maxillary palpomeres in the ground plan of platygatroids is probably five, that of labial palpomeres two or three, given the variation among basal scelionids. Our study provides relevant information for resolving the phylogeny of the Platygastroidea, but additional character sources have to be explored to obtain a robust phylogenetic hypothesis.

Affiliations: 1: University “Al. I. Cuza” Iași, Faculty of Biology, CERNESIM, Boulevard Carol I 11, RO-700506 Iași, Romania ; 2: Natural History Museum of Denmark, SCIENCE, University of Copenhagen, Zoological Museum, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark ; 3: Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0C6 ; 4: Department of Entomology, Pennsylvania State University, 501 ASI Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA ; 5: Department of Entomology, The Ohio State University, 1315 Kinnear Road, Columbus, OH 43212, USA

Loading data from figshare Loading data from figshare
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1876312x-48022156
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Austin A.D. (1981) "The types of Australian species in the tribes Idrini, Baeini and Embidobiini (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae: Scelioninae)". General and Applied Entomology: The Journal of the Entomological Society of New South Wales 13: 8192.
2. Austin A.D. (1986) "A taxonomic revision of the genus Mirobaeoides Dodd (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae)". Australian Journal of Zoology 34: 315337.
3. Austin A.D. (1988) "A new genus of baeine wasp (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) from New Zealand associated with moss". New Zealand Journal of Zoology 15: 173183.
4. Austin A.D., & Field S.A. (1997) "The ovipositor system of scelionid and platygastrid wasps (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea): comparative morphology and phylogenetic implications". Invertebrate Taxonomy 11: 187.
5. Austin A.D.,, Johnson N.F., & Dowton M. (2005) "Systematics, evolution, and biology of scelionid and platygastrid wasps". Annual Review of Entomology 50: 553582.
6. Belokobylskij S.A., & Chen X. (2006) "Hecabolomorpha n. gen., a new Asian genus from the tribe Hecabolini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Doryctinae)". Annales de la Société entomologique de France (N.S) 42: 107111.
7. Beutel R.G., & Vilhelmsen L. (2007) "Head anatomy of Xyelidae (Hexapoda: Hymenoptera) and phylogenetic implications". Organisms Diversity & Evolution 7: 207230.
8. Brown B.V. (1993) "A further chemical alternative to critical-point-drying for preparing small (or large) flies". Fly Times 11: 1010.
9. Bugnion E. (1924) "Le sac infrabuccal et le pharynx des fourmis". Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie 91: 9981000.
10. Bugnion E. (1925) "Notes relatives a la terminologie des organes buccaux des insectes". Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 50: 352358.
11. Bugnion E. (1930) "Les pieces buccales, le sac infrabuccal et le pharynx des fourmis". Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d’Égypte 14: 85210.
12. Caleca V., & Bin F. (1995) "World revision of the genus Encyrtoscelio Dodd". Invertebrate Taxonomy 9: 10211045.
13. Carey D.,, Murphy N.P., & Austin A.D. (2006) "Molecular phylogenetics and the evolution of wing reduction in the Baeini (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae): parasitoids of spider eggs". Invertebrate Systematics 20: 489501.
14. Chatin J. (1887). Recherches morphologiques sur les pieces mandibulaires, maxillaires et labials des hymenopteres . Gauthier-Villars, Imprimeur-libraire, Paris.
15. Clausen C.P. (1976) "Phoresy among entomophagous insects". Annual Review of Entomology 21: 343368.
16. Crampton G.C. (1921) "The sclerites of the head and the mouthparts of certain immature and adult insects". Annals of the Entomological Society of America 14: 65110.
17. Crampton G.C. (1923) "A phylogenetic comparison of the maxillae throughout the orders of insects". Journal of the New York Entomological Society 31: 77107.
18. Crampton G.C. (1928) "The eulabium, mentum, submentum and gular region of insects". Journal of Entomology and Zoology 20: 118.
19. Dhillon S.S. (1966) Morphology and biology of Athalia proxima. Aligarh Muslim University Publications (Zoological Series) on Indian Insect Types 7: 1170.
20. Dodd A.P. (1914) "A new genus of Scelionidae from Australia". The Canadian Entomologist 46: 6060.
21. Dowton M., & Austin A.D. (2001) "Simultaneous analysis of 16S, 28S, COI and morphology in the Hymenoptera: Apocrita — evolutionary transitions among parasitic wasps". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74: 87111.
22. Duncan C.D. (1939) "A contribution to the biology of North American Vespine wasps". Stanford University Publications University Series Biological Science 8: 1272.
23. DuPorte M. (1967) "Morphology of the first and second maxillae of insects". Canadian Journal of Zoology 45: 12691273.
24. Early J.W.,, Masner L., & Johnson N.F. (2007) "Revision of Archaeoteleia Masner (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea, Scelionidae)". Zootaxa 48: 148.
25. Fabritius K. (1973) "Contribuţii la studiul Proctotrupoidelor (Hymenoptera) din R.S. România." unpublished PhD Thesis ‘Alexandru Ioan Cuza’ University, Iasi.
26. Fabritius K. (1979) "Coptera inaequalifrons Jansson (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) ein polyphager Fliegenpuparienparasit". Muzeul Brukenthal–Studii și comunicări - Științele naturii 23: 319322.
27. Galloway I.,, Austin A.D., & Masner L. (1992) "Revision of the genus Neuroscelio Dodd, primitive scelionids (Hymenoptera : Scelionidae) from Australia, with a discussion of the ovipositor system of the tribe Gryonini". Invertebrate Systematics 6: 523545.
28. Goloboff P.A.(1993) "Estimating character weights during tree search". Cladistics 9: 8391.
29. Goloboff P.A.,, Farris J.S., & Nixon K.C. (2008) "TNT, a free program for phylogenetic analysis". Cladistics 24: 774786.
30. Gotwald W.H. (1969) "Comparative morphological studies of the ants, with particular reference to the mouthparts (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Cornell University Agriculture Experiment Station Memoirs 408: 1150.
31. Gotwald W.H. (1970) Mouthpart morphology of the ant Aneuretus simoni. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 63: 950952.
32. Huber J.T., (2009) "Biodiversity of Hymenoptera". In Foottit R.G., & Adler P.H. (Eds) Insect Biodiversity: science and society. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, pp. 303323.
33. Huggert L., & Masner L. (1983) "Two new genera of African scelionid wasps (Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea: Scelionidae)". Entomologica Scandinavica 14: 173185.
34. Online Hymenoptera (2016). Database available online at http://hol.osu.edu/index.html?id=592 (accessed 17 June 2016).
35. Iqbal M., & Austin A.D., (2000) "A preliminary phylogeny for the Baeini (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae): endoparasitoids of spider eggs". In Austin A.D., & Dowton M. (Eds) Hymenoptera : evolution, biodiversity and biological control. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, VIC, pp. 178191.
36. Iuga V.G. (1968) "Le complexe labro-maxillaire des Apoides (Hymenoptera)". Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle ‘Grigore Antipa’ 8: 909926.
37. James H.C. (1926) "The anatomy of a British phytophagous chalcidoid of the genus Harmolita (Isosoma)". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 96: 75182.
38. Jervis M. (1998) "Functional and evolutionary aspects of mouthpart structure in parasitoid wasps". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 63: 461493.
39. Jervis M., & Vilhelmsen L. (2000) "Mouthpart evolution in adults of the basal, ‘symphytan’, hymenopteran lineages". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 121146.
40. Johnson N.F., & Masner L. (2006) "Revision of World species of the genus Nixonia Masner (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea, Scelionidae)". American Museum Novitates 3518: 132.
41. Johnson N.F., & Musetti L. (2002) "Rediscovery of the genus Platyscelidris Szabó (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) and description of a new species". Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 104: 948954.
42. Johnson N.F.,, Masner L., & Musetti L. (2008a) "Review of genera of the tribe Sparasionini (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea, Scelionidae), and description of two new genera from the New World". American Museum Novitates 3629: 124.
43. Johnson N.F.,, Musetti L., & Masner L. (2008b) "The Cretaceous scelionid genus Proteroscelio Brues (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea)". American Museum Novitates 3603: 17.
44. Johnson N.F.,, Masner L., & Musetti L. (2009) "Orwellium, a new Valdivian genus of Platygastridae (Hymenoptera)". ZooKeys 20: 2130.
45. Kellogg V.L. (1902) "The development and homologies of the mouthparts of insects". American Naturalist 36: 683706.
46. Kieffer J.-J. (1926) "Scelionidae. Das Tierreich", Vol 48. Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, Germany: 885 pp.
47. Klopfstein S.,, Vilhelmsen L., & Ronquist F. (2015) "A nonstationary Markov model detects directional evolution in hymenopteran morphology". Systematic Biology 64: 10891103.
48. Kononova S.V., & Kozlov M.A. (2001) "(Scelionidae (Hymenoptera) of Palaearctics. Subfamilies Teleasinae, Baeinae)". Akademperiodika, Kiev. (in Russian).
49. Kozlov M.A. (1970) ("Supergeneric groupings of Proctotrupoidea (Hymenoptera)) (in Russian"). Entomologicheskoye Obozreniye 49: 203226.
50. Kozlov M.A., (1981) "Order Hymenoptera, family Scelionidae". In Kopaneva L.M. (Ed.) Keys to the identification of harmful and useful insects and mites of industrial crops in the USSR . Kolos, Leningrad, pp. 186187. (in Russian).
51. Kozlov M.A., & Kononova S.V. (1990) "Stselionidy fauny SSSR (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae, Scelioninae)(Scelioninae of the fauna of the USSR (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae, Scelioninae))". Opredeliteli po Faune SSSR 161: 1344.
52. Kozlov M.A., & S.G. (1988) ("A new tribe and new genera of scelionid parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) from the fauna of Vietnam.) (in Russian"). Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR 175: 6474.
53. Krenn H.W. (2007) "Evidence from mouthpart structure on interordinal relationships in Endopterygota?" Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 65: 714.
54. Krenn H.W.,, Plant J.D., & Szucsich N.U. (2005) "Mouthparts of flower-visiting insects". Arthropod Structure & Development 34: 140.
55. Liu C.L. (1925) "Observations on the acroglossal buttons and on the submentum of Hymenoptera". Annals of the Entomological Society of America 18: 445455.
56. Masner L. (1958) "An interesting new genus of Scelionidae from S.W. Africa (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea)". Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B, Taxonomy 27: 101104.
57. Masner L. (1970) "A new species of Nixonia Masner from Rhodesia". Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 72: 9093.
58. Masner L. (1976) "Revisionary notes and keys to world genera of Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea)". Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 108: 187.
59. Masner L. (1980) "Key to genera of Scelionidae of the Holarctic region, with descriptions of new genera and species (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea)". Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 112: 154.
60. Masner L., (1993). "Superfamily Platygastroidea". In Goulet H., & Huber J. T. (eds) Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to Families. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada: pp. 558565.
61. Masner L., (1995) "The proctotrupoid families". In Hanson P. E., & Gauld I. D. (eds) The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 209246.
62. Masner L.,, Johnson N.F., & Arias-Penna T.M. (2007a) "Tyrannoscelio, a new genus of Neotropical Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea) with description of two new species". American Museum Novitates 3551: 18.
63. Masner L.,, Johnson N.F., & Polaszek A.D. (2007b) "Redescription of Archaeoscelio Brues and description of three new genera of Scelionidae (Hymenoptera): A challenge to the definition of the family". American Museum Novitates 3550: 124.
64. Matsuda R. (1957) "Morphology of the head of a sawfly, Macrophya pluricincta Norton (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae)". Journal of Kansas Entomological Society 30: 99108.
65. Matsuda R. (1965) "Morphology and evolution of insect head". Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 334: 1334.
66. McKellar R.C., & Engel M.S. (2012) "Hymenoptera in Canadian Cretaceous amber (Insecta)". Cretaceous Research 35: 258279.
67. Michener C.D. (1944) "Comparative external morphology, phylogeny and a classification of the bees (Hymenoptera)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 82: 157326.
68. Mineo G., & Caleca V. (1992) "New characters in Gryonini (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)". Phytophaga 4: 1115.
69. Mineo G.,, O’Connor J.P., & Ashe P. (2011) "Dyscritobaeini: a new tribe of Scelionidae (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea) with two new genera and a new species". Frustula Entomologica 32: 111129.
70. Murphy N.P.,, Carey D.,, Castro L.R.,, Dowton M., & Austin A.D. (2007) "Phylogeny of the platygastroid wasps (Hymenoptera) based on sequences from the 18S rRNA, 28S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I genes: implications for the evolution of the ovipositor system and host relationships". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 91: 653669.
71. Nel A., & Azar D. (2005) "The oldest parasitic Scelionidae: Teleasinae (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea)". Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 74: 333338.
72. Nel A., & Prokop J. (2005) "New fossil Scelionidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) in early Paleogene amber from eastern Moravia (Czech Republic) and northern France". Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 74: 339347.
73. Noyes J.S. (1982) "Collecting and preserving chalcid wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea)". Journal of Natural History 16: 315334.
74. Orr D.B. (1988) "Scelionid wasps as biological control agents: A Review". The Florida Entomologist 71: 506528.
75. Ortega-Blanco J.,, McKellar R.C., & Engel M.S. (2014) "Diverse scelionid wasps in Early Cretaceous amber from Spain (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea)". Bulletin of Geosciences 89: 553571.
76. Popovici O.A., & Fusu L. (2006) "Contribution to the knowledge of the maxillo-labial complex of some Scelionidae species". Lucrarile Simpozionului „Entomofagii şi rolul lor în păstrarea echilibrului în natură” 1: 3946.
77. Popovici O.,, Bin F.,, Masner L.,, Popovici M., & Notton D. (2011). "Triteleia peyerimhoffi comb. n., a remarkably variable circum-Mediterranean scelionid (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea)". ZooKeys 140: 7199.
78. Popovici O.,, Miko I.,, Seltmann K., & Deans A. (2014) "The maxillo-labial complex of Sparasion (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea)". Journal of Hymenoptera Research 37: 77111.
79. Prentice M.A. (1998) "The comparative morphology and phylogeny of apoid wasps (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)". PhD Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, CA.
80. Prinsloo G.L. (1980) "An illustrated guide to the families of African Chalcidoidea". Republic of South Africa Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Science Bulletin 395: 166.
81. Rasnitsyn A.P. (1969) "Origin and evolution of the Lower Hymenoptera. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta". Akademiya Nauk SSSR 123: 1196.
82. Rasnitsyn A.P. (1988) "An outline of evolution of the hymenopterous insects". Oriental Insects 22: 115145.
83. Richards O.W. (1977) "Hymenoptera: introduction and key to families". 2nd edn. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects 6: 1100.
84. Ross H.H. (1937) A generic classification of the Nearctic sawflies (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Illinois Biological Monographs, Urbana, IL.
85. Safavi M. (1968) "Etude biologique et etologique des Hymenopteres parasites des oeufs des punaises des cereales". Entomophaga 13: 381495.
86. Sharkey M.J. (2007) "Phylogeny and classification of Hymenoptera". Zootaxa 1668: 521548.
87. Sharkey M.J.,, Carpenter J.M.,, Vilhelmsen L.,, Heraty J.,, Liljeblad J.,, Dowling A.P.G.,, Schulmeister S.,, Murray D.,, Deans A.R.,, Ronquist F.,, Krogmann L., & Wheeler W.C. (2012) "Phylogenetic relationships among superfamilies of Hymenoptera". Cladistics 28: 80112.
88. Snodgrass R.E. (1928) "Morphology and evolution of the insect head and its appendages". Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 81: 1158.
89. Snodgrass R.E. (1932) "Evolution of the insect head and the organs of feeding". Report of Smithsonian Institution for 1931 : 443489.
90. Snodgrass R.E. (1935) Principles of Insect Morphology . McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
91. Snodgrass R.E. (1942) "The skeleto-muscular mechanisms of the honey bee". Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 28: 1120.
92. Stevens N.B., & Austin A.D. (2007) "Systematics, distribution and biology of the Australian ‘micro-flea’ wasps Baeus spp. (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae): parasitoids of spider eggs". Zootaxa 45: 145.
93. Taekul C.,, Johnson N.F.,, Masner L.,, Polaszek A., & Rajmohana K. (2010) "World species of the genus Platyscelio Kieffer (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae)". ZooKeys 50: 97126.
94. Taekul C.,, Valerio A.A.,, Austin A.D.,, Klompen H., & Johnson N.F. (2014) "Molecular phylogeny of telenomine egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae s.l.: Telenominae): evolution of host shifts and implications for classification". Systematic Entomology 39: 2435.
95. Talamas E., & Buffington M. (2015) "Fossil Platygastroidea in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution". Journal of Hymenoptera Research 47: 152.
96. Talamas E.J.,, Masner L., & Johnson N.F. (2011a) "Revision of the Malagasy genus Trichoteleia Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea, Platygastridae)". ZooKeys 80: 1125.
97. Talamas E.J.,, Masner L., & Johnson N.F. (2011b) "Revision of the Paridris nephta species group (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea, Platygastridae)". ZooKeys 133: 4994.
98. Ulrich W. (1924) "Die Mundwerkzeuge der Spheciden (Hym. Foss). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Insektenmundwerkzeuge". Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 1: 539636.
99. Valerio A.A.,, Masner L.,, Austin A.D., & Johnson N.F. (2009) "The genus Neuroscelio Dodd (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae s.l) reviewed: New species, distributional update, and discussion of relationships". Zootaxa 43: 2943.
100. Vilhelmsen L. (1996) "The preoral cavity of lower Hymenoptera (Insecta): comparative morphology and phylogenetic significance". Zoologica Scripta 25: 143170.
101. Vilhelmsen L. (2000a) "Before the wasp-waist: comparative anatomy and phylogenetic implications of the skeleto-musculature of the thoraco-abdominal boundary region in basal Hymenoptera (Insecta)". Zoomorphology 119: 185221.
102. Vilhelmsen L. (2000b) "Cervical and prothoracic skeleto-musculature in the basal Hymenoptera (Insecta): Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic implications". Zoologischer Anzeiger 239: 105138.
103. Vilhelmsen L. (2015) "Morphological phylogenetics of the Tenthredinidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera)". Invertebrate Systematics 29: 164190.
104. Vilhelmsen L.,, Miko I., & Krogmann L. (2010) "Beyond the wasp-waist: Structural diversity and phylogenetic significance of the mesosoma in apocritan wasps (Insecta: Hymenoptera)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 22194.
105. Wiens J. (2004) "The role of morphological data in phylogeny reconstruction". Systematic Biology 53: 653661.
106. Winston M.L. (1979) "The proboscis of the long-tongued bees: a comparative study". University of Kansas Science Bulletin 51: 631667.
107. Yoder M.J.,, Valerio A.A.,, Masner L., & Johnson N.F. (2009) "Identity and synonymy of Dicroscelio Kieffer and description of Axea, a new genus from tropical Africa and Asia (Hymenoptera: Platygastroidea: Platygastridae)". Zootaxa 45: 145.
108. Yoder M.,, Valerio A.,, Polaszek A.,, van Noort S.,, Masner L., & Johnson N. (2014) "Monograph of the Afrotropical species of Scelio Latreille (Hymenoptera, Platygastridae), egg parasitoids of acridid grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acrididae)". ZooKeys 380: 1188.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1876312x-48022156
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1876312x-48022156
2017-09-14
2017-12-12

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Insect Systematics & Evolution — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation