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Full Access Annexations in Europe and the Persecution of Jews, 1939-1944

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Annexations in Europe and the Persecution of Jews, 1939-1944

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This contribution tries to explain why Jews were persecuted earlier or more fiercely in territories annexed by a state during World War II than in the mainland of that state. The case-studies covered are Nazi Germany, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the USSR. It is argued that internationally, similar policies of incorporation, especially the replacement of existing elites and the process of bringing in new settlers, worked against the Jews. Aside from focusing on governmental policies, the contribution also sketches the manner in which individual actions by state functionaries (who did not merely implement state policies) and by non-state actors had adverse effects on the Jewish population, impacting their survival chances. Finally, the article places the persecution of Jews in annexed areas in the context of the concerted violence conducted, at the same time, against other ethnically defined, religious, and social groups.

Affiliations: 1: Historisches Institut, Universität Bern

10.1163/187633012X635636
/content/journals/10.1163/187633012x635636
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2012-01-01
2016-12-06

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