Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Geographical Narration of Interwar Yugoslavia

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Serbian, Croatian, and Slovenian Perspective, 1918 to the mid-1920s

image of East Central Europe

The article examines the involvement of Yugoslav geographers in the multifaceted process of constructing the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes between the final stage of the First World War and the mid-1920s, when Yugoslavia’s external boundaries and internal arrangement were temporarily settled. Researchers have recognized Jovan Cvijić as the leading scientist behind the political-geographical legitimation of the newly created Yugoslav state. This article, however, examines the role of two hitherto neglected Yugoslav geographers—the Slovene Anton Melik and the Croat Filip Lukas—in the process of constructing the Yugoslav national space. This process, in fact, only intensified after the 1918 publication of Cvijić’s seminal work La Péninsule balkanique. Whereas Cvijić aimed at an international readership, the construction of Yugoslav national space by Croat and Slovene geographers was primarily a domestic enterprise; these were geographies of Yugoslavia by Yugoslav geographers, narrating Yugoslavia to Yugoslav readership. For a period, scholars from Ljubljana and Zagreb rather than Belgrade influenced the project of the geographical narration of Yugoslavia, and approached the pressing contemporary political issues in geographical works in a manner that revealed both connections and tensions between discourses of “center” and “periphery.”

Affiliations: 1: European University Institute, Florence, Italy,


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Ablonczy Balázs . 2006. Pál Teleki (1874–1941): The Life of a Controversial Hungarian Politician . Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs.
2. Aralica Višeslav . 2011. “"Konstrukcija identiteta Hrvata u hrvatskom seljačkom pokretu i nacionalističkom i ustaškom pokretu, 1935–1945"” [The construction of Croatian identity in the Croatian peasant movement and the nationalist and Ustasha movement, 1935–1945]. PhD diss., University of Zagreb.
3. Buttimer Anne ,. 1994. “"Edgar Kant and Balto-Skandia: Heimatkunde and Regional Identity".” In Geography and National Identity , edited by Hooson David , 161183. Oxford: Blackwell.
4. Capuder Karel . 1919. Naša država: zemljepisni pregled s statističnimi tabelami [Our country: A geographical overview with statistical tables]. Maribor: Tiskarna sv. Cirila.
5. Clewing Konrad ,, and Pezo Edvin ,. 2005. “"Jovan Cvijić als Historiker und Nationsbildner. Zu Ertrag und Grenzen seines anthropogeographischen Ansatzes zur Migrationsgeschichte".” In Beruf und Berufung: Geschichtswissenschaft und Nationsbildung in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert , edited by Krzoska Markus , and Maner Hans-Christian , 265297. Münster: LIT.
6. Cvijić Jovan . 1893. Das Karstphänomen: Versuch einer morphologischen Monographie . Vienna: Hölzel.
7. ———. 1896. Uputstva za proučavanje sela u Srbiji i ostalim srpskim zemljama [Instructions for the study of villages in Serbia and other Serbian lands]. Belgrade.
8. ———. 1902a. Antropogeografski problemi Balkanskoga poluostrva [Anthropogeographical issues of the Balkan Peninsula]. Belgrade.
9. ———. 1902b. “"Forschungsreisen auf der Balkan-Halbinsel".” Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin Vol 37: 196214.
10. ———. 1918. La Péninsule balkanique: géographie humaine . Paris: Armand Colin.
11. ———. 1921. "“Granice i sklop naše zemlje” [The boundaries and composition of our country]". Glasnik geografskog društva Vol 4: 117.
12. ———. 1922–1931. Balkansko poluostrvo i južnoslovenske zemlje: osnovi antropogeografije [The Balkan Peninsula and the South Slavic lands: The foundations of anthropogeography], 2 vols. Belgrade.
13. ———. 1927. "“Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca: geografski pregled” [The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes: Geographical overview]". In vol. 2 of Narodna enciklopedija srpsko-hrvatsko-slovenačka , edited by Stanojević Stanoje , 481487. Zagreb: Bibliografski zavod.
14. Cvijić Jovan , and [Giovanni] Roncagli. 1919. “"Physical and Strategic Geography of the Adriatic".” The Geographical Journal Vol 54, no. 1: 6568.
15. Diriwächter Rainer . 2004. “" Völkerpsychologie: The Synthesis That Never Was".” Culture & Psychology Vol 10, no. 1: 85109.
16. Djokić Dejan . 2010. Nikola Pašić and Ante Trumbić: The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes . London: Haus Publishing.
17. Gelfand Lawrence E. 1963. The Inquiry: American Preparations for Peace, 1917–1919 . New Haven: Yale University Press.
18. Godlewska Anne ,, and Smith Neil , eds. 1994. Geography and Empire . Oxford: Blackwell.
19. Górny Maciej . 2013. “"Der Krieg der Karten: Geografen und Grenzziehungen in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa, 1914–1920".” Střed – Časopis pro mezioborová studia Střední Evropy 19. a 20. století , no. 1: 939.
20. Heffernan Michael ,. 2000. “"Fin de siècle, fin du monde? On the Origins of European Geopolitics, 1890–1920".” In Geopolitical Traditions: A Century of Geopolitical Thought , edited by Dodds Klaus , and Atkinson David , 2751. London: Routledge.
21. ———. 2002. “"The Politics of the Map in the Early Twentieth Century".” Cartography and Geographic Information Science Vol 29, no. 3: 207226.
22. Herb Guntram H. 1997. Under the Map of Germany: Nationalism and Propaganda, 1918–1945 . London: Routledge.
23. Jareb Jere . 1995. Pola stoljeća hrvatske politike: povodom Mačekove autobiografije [Half a Century of Croatian politics: On the Occasion of Maček’s Autobiography]. Zagreb: Institut za suvremenu povijest.
24. Jelavich Charles . 1983. “"Serbian Textbooks: Toward Greater Serbia or Yugoslavia?”" Slavic Review Vol 42, no. 4: 601619.
25. ———. 1990. South Slav Nationalisms: Textbooks and Yugoslav Union before 1914 . Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
26. Juras Ivo . 1922. Zemljopis Jugoslavije, Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca [The geography of Yugoslavia, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes]. Zagreb: Hrvatski štamparski zavod.
27. Kaser Karl . 1998. “"Anthropology and the Balkanization of the Balkans: Jovan Cvijić and Dinko Tomašić".” Ethnologia Balkanica Vol 2: 8999.
28. ———. 2003. “"Peoples of the Mountains, Peoples of the Plains: Space and Ethnographic Representation".” In Creating the Other: Ethnic Conflict and Nationalism in Habsburg Central Europe , edited by Wingfield Nancy M. , 216230. New York: Berghahn Books.
29. Latković Radovan . 1936. "“Hrvatski srednješkolci i Matica Hrvatska” [Croatian gymnasium students and Matica hrvatska]". Omladina Vol 1.
30. Lederer Ivo . 1963. Yugoslavia at the Paris Peace Conference: A Study in Frontiermaking . New Haven: Yale University Press.
31. Livingstone David N. 1992. The Geographical Tradition: Episodes in the History of a Contested Enterprise . Oxford: Blackwell.
32. Anton Loboda [Anton Melik]. 1918a. "“Misli o slovanskih narodnostnih problemih” [Thoughts on Slavic national problems]". Ljubljanski zvon Vol 38, no. 1: 6473.
33. ———. 1918b. "“Narod, ki nastaja” [The nascent people]". Ljubljanski zvon Vol 38, no. 8: 476484.
34. ———. 1918c. "“Vprašanje narodno mešanih ozemlj” [The question of ethnically mixed areas]". Ljubljanski zvon Vol 38, no. 11: 637650.
35. ———. 1918d. "“Nacijonalna država proti historični”" [National vs. historical state]. Ljubljanski zvon 38, no. 11: 788797.
36. ———. 1919b. “"Die Südgrenze der deutschen Steiermark".” Ljubljanski zvon Vol 39, no. 6: 378379.
37. ———. 1919c. "“Moderna politična načela in naši obmejni spori”" [Modern political principles and our border disputes]. Ljubljanski zvon 39, no. 6: 352–357 and 420–424.
38. Lukas Filip . 1906. Utjecaj prirodne okoline na stanovništvo Dalmacije: anthropogeografska studija . [The influence of the natural surroundings on the population in Dalmatia: An anthropogeographical study]. Dubrovnik: Degiulli i dr.
39. ———. 1911. Jadran u geomorfološkom, klimatološkom i trgovačko-gospodarstvenom pogledu . [The Adriatic in geomorphological, climatic, and commercial-economic perspective]. Rijeka.
40. ———. 1919. “"Yougoslavia as Economic Territory".” In The Yougoslavic Littoral on the Adriatic Sea, edited by Milan Rojc, 4568. Zagreb: Government Press.
41. ———. 1922. Geografija Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca [Geography of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes]. Zagreb: St. Kugli.
42. MacMillan Margaret . 2002. Paris 1919: Six Months that changed the World . New York: Random House.
43. Melik Anton . 1919–1920. Zgodovina Srbov, Hrvatov in Slovencev [History of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes], Vol 2 vols. Ljubljana: Tiskovna zadruga.
44. ———. 1920. "Review of Naša država: zemljepisni pregled s statističnimi tabelami, by Karel Capuder". Ljubljanski zvon Vol 40, no. 4: 247.
45. ———. 1921–1923. Jugoslavija: zemljepisni pregled [Yugoslavia: A geographical overview], Vol 2 vols. Ljubljana: Tiskovna zadruga.
46. ———. 1927. "“Geografski pregled” [Geographical overview]". In Slovenačka , edited by Melik Anton , and Kos Milko , 532. Belgrade: Srpska književna zadruga.
47. ———. 1928. "“Meja med Balkanskim polotokom in evropskim trupom” [The boundary between the Balkan Peninsula and the body of Europe]". Glasnik geografskog društva Vol 14: 107121.
48. ———. 1929. "“Ob desetletnici univerze v Ljubljani” [On the tenth anniversary of the University of Ljubljana]". Ljubljanski zvon Vol 49, no. 6: 386391.
49. ———. 1935–1936. Slovenija: geografski opis , vol. Vol 1, splošni del, pt. 2 [Slovenia: A geographical overview]. Ljubljana: Slovenska matica.
50. Milojević Borivoje Ž. 1923a. Antropogeografija za šesti razred [Anthropogeography for the sixth grades]. Belgrade: Rajković i Ćurković.
51. ———. 1923b. Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca: za osmi razred [The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes for the fourth grade]. Belgrade: Rajković i Ćurković.
52. ———. 1923c. Naša domovina [Our homeland]. Belgrade: Rajković i Ćurković.
53. ———. 1924. Balkansko poluostrvo i Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca za četvrti razred srednjih škola [The Balkan Peninsula and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes for the fourth grade of high schools]. Belgrade: Rajković i Ćurković.
54. ———. 1925. “"The Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes: Administrative Division in Relation to Natural Regions".” Geographical Review Vol 15, no. 1: 7083.
55. ———. 1928. Jedinstvo naših zemalja: geografsko-politički članci [The unity of our lands: Geographical-political essays]. Belgrade: Davidović.
56. ———. 1929. Naše susede: slovenske i glavne kulturne zemlje: za više razrede srednjih škola [Our neighbors: Slavic and main cultural countries; for higher classes of high schools]. Belgrade: Rajković i Ćurković.
57. ———. 1930. Geografija Jugoslavije: predavanja [Geography of Yugoslavia: Lectures]. Belgrade.
58. ———. 1934. "“Naučni jubilej Jovana Cvijića”" [Scientific jubilee of Jovan Cvijić]. In Geografska nauka i nastava: metodološki članci [Geographical science and teaching: Methodological essays]. Belgrade.
59. ———. 1936. "“Naši krajevi i naša zemlja” [Our lands and our country]". Letopis Matice srpske Vol 110, no. 3: 285312.
60. Mitrović Andrej . 1969. Jugoslavija na konferenciji mira 1919–1920 [Yugoslavia at the Paris Peace Conference 1919–1920]. Belgrade: Zavod za izdavanje udžbenika SR Srbije.
61. ———. 2007. Serbia’s Great War, 1914–1918 . London: Hurst & Co.
62. Murphy David T. 1997. The Heroic Earth: Geopolitical Thought in Weimar Germany, 1918–1933 . Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press.
63. Pittard Eugène . 1916. Les Peuples des Balkans: Esquisses anthropologiques . Paris: Attinger Frères.
64. Radovanović Vojislav . 1958. Jovan Cvijić . Belgrade: Nolit.
65. Ratković Stjepan . 1935. Što je narod: rasa, pleme, narodnost, nacija? [What is a people?: Race, tribe, nationality, nation?]. Zagreb.
66. Ripley William Z. 1899. The Races of Europe: A Sociological Study . New York: D. Appleton and Co.
67. Sandner Gerhard ,. 1994. “"In Search of Identity: German Nationalism and Geography, 1871–1910".” In Geography and National Identity , edited by Hooson David , 7191. Oxford: Blackwell.
68. Schulten Susan . 2001. The Geographical Imagination in America, 1880–1950 . Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
69. Šenoa Milan . 1921. Geografija Jugoslavije [Geography of Yugoslavia]. Zagreb: Jugoslavenski kompas.
70. Trgovčević Ljubinka . 1975. "“Jovan Cvijić u Prvom svetskom ratu” [Jovan Cvijić in the First World War]". Istorijski časopis Vol 22: 173231.
71. ———. 1986. Naučnici Srbije i stvaranje jugoslovenske države , 1914–1920 [Serbian scholars and the creation of the Yugoslav state, 1914–1920]. "Belgrade: Narodna knjiga"; Srpska književna zadruga.
72. Wachtel Andrew Baruch . 1998. Making a Nation, Breaking a Nation: Literature and Cultural Politics in Yugoslavia . Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    East Central Europe — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation