Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The World between Us: State Security and the Negotiation of Social Categories in Interwar Romania

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of East Central Europe

The concept of security and the security culture of the state are always social constructs reflecting the outcome of interactions between state and society. Key categories of security, like dangerous social groups and activities are usually negotiated through these interactions. Politicians, secret agents, gendarms, denunciators, journalists, or the indicted, all shape the broader social meaning in a dynamic way. While in Greater Romania the state attempted to extend its control to ever broader segments of society in order to fend off perceived threats it had to rely on its own personnel and on people who cooperated in this effort, creating room for maneuver for everyone involved in this process. Due to its scarce resources the state could not even control entirely its own representatives, who often pursued a personal agenda different from the state’s own goals. Irredentism, associated with ethnic minorities exemplifies this situation quite well. In an effort to preempt any threat from national minorities with a kin-state gradually led to the association of irredentism with ethnicity, without having control over the latter’s exact meaning. Thus, its practical application depended on a series of factors, personal and structural ones, that finally led to a confusion and to the emptying of the concept that was applied without consistency. It was exactly this development that reconstituted the gap between state and society that actively engaged each other in the resulting process of negotiation. Under the surface of the rule of law and against the backdrop of the image of an ever more powerful state security apparatus, state and society defined together those informal rules of everyday co-existence that were often meant to hide reality from the watchful eyes of Bucharest.

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Political History, Budapest


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Arhivele Naționale (an).
2. Arhivele Naționale Istorice Centrale București (anic).
3. Direcția Generală a Poliției (dgp).
4. Ministerul Justiției Direcția Judiciară (mj dj).
5. Inspectoratul General al Jandarmeriei.
6. Secția Județeană Brașov (sj bv).
7. Legiunea Jandarmilor Brașov.
8. Secția Județeană Mureș (sj ms).
9. Direcţia Regională a Ministeriului de Interne Mureș Autonomă Maghiara (dr mai mam), inventar 1235.
10. Comisariatul de Poliţie Târnaveni.
11. Secția Județeană Cluj (sjcj).
12. Inspectoratul de Poliție Cluj, inventar 399.
13. Secția Județeană Timiș (sj tm).
14. Fond 193, Legiunea Jandarmilor Severin, inventar 828.
15. Fond 16, Legiunea Jandarmilor Timiș-Torontal, inventar 216.
16. Ablonczy Balázs. 2007. “"Őrzők. A többes identitás történeti stratégiái” [Guardians. The historical strategy of multiple identity]". Századvég Vol 12, no. 1: 6378.
17. Báthory Ludovic. 2010. “"Sistemul de contabilitate secretă a Societăţii Valea Jiului de Sus şi recalcularea producţiei de cărbune (1926–1930)” [The secret accounting system of the Societăţii Valea Jiului de Sus and a recalculation of its coal production (1926–1930)]". Anuarul Institutului de Istorie George Barit Vol 49: 309333.
18. Billig Michael. 1995. Banal Nationalism . London: Sage.
19. Borsi-Kálmán Béla., 2012. "“‘Regátiak,’ ‘erdélyiek’ és ‘magyarok’ Ion Gheorghe Duca, Constanin Argetoianu, Armand Călinescu, Grigore Gafencu, valamint Alexandru Vaida Voevod emlékirataiban” [“Old Kingdom Romanians,” “Transylvanians,” and “Hungarians” in the memoires of Ion Gheorghe Duca, Constantin Argetoianu, Armand Călinescu, Grigore Gafencu, and Alexandru Vaida Voevod]". In Emlékirat és történelem. A vii. Hungarológiai Kongresszus (Koloszvár, Cluj-Napoca, 2011. augusztus 22–27.) azonos című paneljének anyaga [Memoire and history. Papers presented at the vii Convention of Hungarology (Kolozsvár, 22–27 August 2011)], ed. Pál Pritz, and Jenő Horváth, 3660. Budapest: Magyar Történelmi Társulat–Nemzetközi Magyarságtudományi Társaság.
20. Brubaker Rogers. 2006. Everyday Ethnicity and Nationalist Politics in a Transylvanian Town . Princeton: Princeton University Press.
21. Călinescu Armand,. 1990. Însemnari politice, 1916–1939 [Political notes, 1916–1939]. Ed. Savu. Dr. Al. Gh. Bucharest: Humanitas.
22. Conze Eckart. 2012. “"Securitization. Gegenwartsdiagnose oder historischer Analysenansatz".” Geschichte und Gesellschaft Vol 38, no. 3: 453467.
23. Daase Christopher. 2010. “"Wandel der Sicherheitskultur".” Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte. Beilage zur Wochenzeitung Das Parlament , no. Vol 50: 916.
24. Edensor Tim. 2002. National Identity, Popular Culture and Everyday Life . Oxford: Berg.
25. Egry Gábor. 2012a. “"A megértés határán. Nemzetiségek és mindennapok Háromszéken a két világháború között” [On the border of understanding. Nationalities and the everyday in Háromszék between the world wars]". Limes Vol 25, no. 2: 2950.
26. Egry Gábor,. 2012b. "“Keresztező párhuzamosok. Etnicitás és középosztályi kultúra a két világháború közti Erdélyben” [Intersecting parallels. Ethnicity and middle-class culture in interwar Transylvania]". In Határokon túl. Tanulmányok Mark Pittaway emlékére. [Beyond Frontiers. Studies Commemorating Mark Pittaway], ed. Bartha Eszter, and Varga Zsuzsanna, 282302. Budapest: L’Harmattan.
27. Egry Gábor. 2013. “"Navigating the Straits. Changing Borders, Changing Rules and Practices of Ethnicity and Loyalty in Romania after 1918".” Hungarian Historical Review Vol 2, no. 3: 449476.
28. Egry Gábor. 2014. “"Phantom Menaces? Ethnic Categorization, Loyalty and State Security in Interwar Romania".” Hungarian Historical Review Vol 3, no. 3: 650682.
29. Egry Gábor. 2015. Etnicitás, identitás, politika. Magyar kisebbségek nacionalizmus és regionalizmus között Romániában és Csehszlovákiában 1918–1944 [Ethnicity, identity, and politics. Hungarian minorities between in nationalism and regionalism in Romania and Czechoslovakia]. Budapest: Napvilág.
30. Fox John,, and Miller-Idress Cynthia. 2008. “"Everyday nationhood".” Ethnicities Vol 8, no. 4: 536563.
31. Hirschhausen Ulrike von. 2015. “"A New Imperial History? Programm, Potenzial, Perspektiven".” Geschichte und Gesellschaft Vol 41, no. 4: 718757.
32. Horváth Franz Sz. 2007. Zwischen Ablehnung und Anpassung: Politische Strategien der ungarischen Minderheitselite in Rumänien 1931–1940 . Studia Hungarica Series. Munich: Verlag Ungarisches Institut.
33. Horváth Sándor, ed. 2014. Az ügynök arcai. Mindennapi kollaboráció és ügynökkérdés [Faces of the agent. Everyday collaboration and the problem of agents]. Budapest: Libri.
34. Krätzner Anita,. 2015. “"Einleitung".” In Hinter vorgehaltener Hand: Studien zur historischen Denunziationsforschung , ed. Krätzner Anita, 720. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
35. Lăcustă Ioan. 2007. Cenzura veghează 1937–1939 [Censorship monitors, 1937–1939]. Bucharest: Curtea Veche.
36. "“Magyar-román per/pár beszéd” [Hungarian-Romanian proceeding/dialogue]". 2001. Provincia Vol 2, no. 4: 1214.
37. Malte Rolf. 2014. “"Einführung: Imperiale Biographien. Lebenswege imperialer Akteure in Groß- und Kolonialreichen (1850–1918)".” Geschichte und Gesellschaft Vol 40, no. 1: 521.
38. Mylonas Harris. 2012. The Politics of Nation Building: Making Co-Nationals, Refugees and Minorities . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
39. Nopcsa Baron Franz. 2001. Reisen in den Balkan Die Lebenserinnerungen des Franz Baron Nopcsa . Peja: Dukagjini Balkan Books.
40. Nyagulov Blagovest. 2010. “"Bulgarian Minority Elites in Greater Romania (1918–1940)".” Auxiliary Historical Studies Vol 6: 189199.
41. Reichardt Sven. 2016. “"Überwachungsgeschichte(n). Facetten eines Forschungsfeldes".” Geschichte und Gesellschaft Vol 42, no. 1: 533.
42. Scurtu Ioan, ed. 1999. Minoritățile nationale in România 1931–1938 [National minorities in Romania, 1931–1938]. Bucharest: Arhivele Statului.
43. Sorrels Kate. 2000. “"Ethnicity as Evidence of Subversion. National Stereotypes and the Secret Police Investigation of Jews in Interwar Bessarabia".” Transversaal Vol 3, no. 2: 318.
44. Spânu Alin. 2010. Istoria serviciilor de informații/contrainformații românești în perioada 1919–1945 [History of the Romanian information and counter-espionage services in the period 1919–1945]. Iași: Demiurg.
45. Zathureczky Gyula. 1937. "“Magyarok megfélemlítése Erdélyben” [Intimidation of Hungarians in Transylvania]". Magyar Szemle Vol 11.
46. Zeidler Miklós. 2003. A revíziós gondolat [Revisionist thought]. Budapest: Osiris.
47. Zwierlein Cornel. 2012. “"Sicherheitsgeschichte. Ein neues Feld der Geschichtswissenschaften".” Geschichte und Gesellschaft Vol 38, no. 3: 365386.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    East Central Europe — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation