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Concentration of Poverty in Polish Large Cities: the Example of Łódz

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In this article, we report the main results of a study that attempted to determine whether in Łódź, the second largest Polish city, there are any districts that might be described as extreme poverty tracts. Following the approaches used in a number of Western publications on the subject, we assume that the area of extreme pauperization is one where at least 40 percent of the inhabitants are poor (having an income below the poverty line, and/or receiving social assistance), whereas the area of strong pauperization is one where the poor constitute at least 25 percent of the population.1 The analyses presented in this article are based on data received from the Łódź-Downtown District Welfare Agency, and concern the state of affairs in 1994.


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