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Open Jaw: A Harbin-centered View of the Siberian-Manchurian Intervention 1917–1922

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This article puts the Northeast China factor back into the Siberian Intervention (1918-22), an event often treated as a triangle among Russia, Japan and the US. Harbin is the hinge of the "open jaw," the meeting of three railroad lines, the enemy control of which could represent a threat to the Russian Far East, the Chinese Northeast or even Japan. The Chinese Eastern Railway was headquartered at Harbin, so the local competition for its control, bloody at times, reflected the regional power balance. The ties among Harbin's demographic make-up, Soviet-supported strike movement, the Intervention, and the Japanese community are investigated.

Affiliations: 1: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University


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