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Market Orientation or Social Orientation?

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The Choices of Chinese Government-Organized Foundations in Transformation

image of The China Nonprofit Review

The current studies about the transformation of government-organized foundation (GO-foundation) usually focus on “de-administration.” Basing on new institutionalism and resource dependence theory, the study adds substantive rationality to explain GO-foundation transformation in China, and chooses 4 typical cases in Lushan earthquake relief in 2013. The study finds that, the GO-foundation goes towards two different directions during transformation: one is resource-oriented marketization and the other is value-oriented socialization. Different from enterprises, the influencing factors of foundation transformation not only include the institution system and resources but also inherent philanthropic value.

Affiliations: 1: Institute for Philanthropy of School of Public Policy and Management Tsinghua University ; 2: Institute for Theory of Trade Unions and Worker Education Beijing Federation of Trade Unions Cadre College ; 3: Assistant Research Fellow of Migrant Population Service Center of National Health and Family Planning Commission


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