Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Local Governments’ Strategy for the Development of Social Organizations

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

A Study Based on 312 Prefecture-Level Panel Data in China

image of The China Nonprofit Review

In recent years, the central government encourages local governments to innovate the system for social organization management propitious to the development of social organizations, but social organizations are double-edged, which can both alleviate the social management pressure of local governments and challenge their authority. Therefore, local governments have to implement the strategy of differential control for managing social organizations. The theory of differential control is an important paradigm for explaining the government-society relationship in China, as it provides a theoretical framework for understanding local governments’ behavioral logic of developing social organizations, but local governments’ specific application and change of the strategy about differential control still need to be further explored. Based on the above observation, by collecting the panel data of 312 prefecture-level cities of China in 2008-2014, we have discovered that local governments, on the whole, have adopted the development strategy of “developing quantity and restraining capability.” They give priority to developing social organizations promoting economic development and social service, but implement strict control over environmental, legal, and international foreign-related organizations affecting the realization of economic goals or political stability. With a more developed economy and better fiscal revenues, a more lenient environment is given to social organizations by local governments, and social organizations are more developed. But the control over environmental social organizations does not change with the changes of economic development or fiscal revenues. This study not only expands the theory of differential control and provides a new understanding of the relations between government and social organizations, but also reveals local governments’ behavioral logic of developing social organizations, which also provides a new perspective for understanding local governments’ behaviors in developing social organizations.

Affiliations: 1: Hunan University Law School ; 2: Hunan University Law School ; 3: Hunan University Law School


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Cai Tuo"“Market Economy and Civil Society,”" Tianjin Social SciencesVol 3 1997 18 25
2. Chan Kin-man"“Commentary on Hsu: Graduated control and NGO responses: Civil society as institutional logic,”" Journal of Civil SocietyVol 6 3 2010 301 306 [Crossref]
3. Chao Xiaojing, Ren Baoping"“A Study of the Quality of Economic Growth in China under the Constraints of Resources and Environment,”" China Population Resources and EnvironmentVol 4 2012 102 107
4. de Tocqueville Alexis The Old Regime and the Revolution Tang Feng Beijing The Commercial Press 2012 15 30
5. Deng Yanhua"“Public Budget and Modern State Governance,”" Journal of Yangzhou University (Humanities and Social Sciences Edition)Vol 5 2015 29 36
6. Deng Zhenglai State and Society: A Study of Civil Society in China Beijing Peking University Press 2008 10 45
7. Deng Zhenglai"“‘Existential Wisdom Model’: An Examination of the Existing Theoretical Model of Research on China’s Civil Society,”" Jilin University Journal Social Sciences EditionVol 2 2011 5 10
8. Foster Kenneth W."“Associations in the Embrace of an Authoritarian State: State Domination of Society?”" Studies in Comparative International DevelopmentVol 35 4 2001 84 109 [Crossref]
9. Guan Bing"“Competitiveness and Reverse Embedment: Government Purchase of Services and Social Organization Development,”" The Journal of Public ManagementVol 3 2015 83 91
10. Huang Jianjun , et al"“Thinking on Construction of the Relationship between Chinese Government and Social Organizations since Reform and Opening-up,”" China Public AdministrationVol 7 2016 35 39 [Crossref]
11. Huang Xiaochun"“The Institutional Environment and Development of Social Organizations in Contemporary China,”" China Social ScienceVol 9 2015 147 164
12. Jin Bei"“A Study on the New Normal of Economic Development in China,”" Chinese Industrial EconomicsVol 1 2015 5 18
13. Kang Xiaoguang, Heng Han"“Differential Control: A Study on the State-Society Relationship in the Chinese Mainland,”" The Study of SociologyVol 6 2005 73 88
14. Kang Xiaoguang, Heng Han"“Administrative Absorption of Society: A Further Probe into the State-Society Relationship in Chinese Mainland,”" Social Sciences in China: English VersionVol 28 2 2007 116 128
15. Li Chunxia , et al"“System Embedment, Organizational Response and the Involution of Public Services: An Empirical Study of the Purchase of Social Organization Services by the Beijing Municipal Government,”" Guizhou Social SciencesVol 12 2012 130 132
16. Li Guowu, Li Lu"“Social Demands, Resource Provision, Institutional Evolution and ngoDevelopment,”" SocietyVol 6 2011 74 102
17. Liu Peng"“From Differential Control towards Embedded Regulation: ngo Regulatory Policy Innovations in China’s Local Governments,”" Journal of Renmin University of ChinaVol 5 2011 91 99
18. Ma Qingyu , et al"“The Development Index System for Social Organizations in China: Construction and Prediction,”" China Public AdministrationVol 4 2015 68 78
19. Migdal Joel S., Kohli Atul, Shue Vivenne State Power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World Cambridge Cambridge University Press 1994 50 149 [Crossref]
20. Nee Victor"“The Emergence of a Market Society: Changing Mechanisms of Stratification in China,”" American Journal of SociologyVol 101 4 1996 908 949 [Crossref]
21. Qin Hongyuan, Fu Jianjun"“Logics, Process and Influence of Local Governments’ Fostering of Social Organizations from the Perspective of Corporatism: A Case Study of the Social Organization Development Practice in W Neighborhood of Chengdu,”" Socialism StudiesVol 6 2013 65 69
22. Salamon Lester M. Partners in Public Service: Government-Nonprofit Relations in the Modern Welfare State Baltimore HU Press 1995Vol 648
23. Salamon Lester M., Anheier Helmut K., List Regina, Toepler Stefan, Sokolowski S. Wojciech Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector Chen Yimei , et al Beijing Peking University Press 2007 20 55
24. Shea Jennifer, Wang Janey Qian"“Revenue Diversification in Housing Nonprofits: Impact of State Funding Environments,”" Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector QuarterlyVol 45 3 2016 548 567 [Crossref]
25. Schwartz Jonathan"“Environmental NGOs in China: roles and limits,”" Pacific AffairsVol 77 1 2004 28 49
26. Song Chengcheng , et al"“The Development Mechanism of Autonomy of Non-profit Organizations in Cross-Departmental Collaboration,”" The Journal of Public ManagementVol 4 2013 1 11
27. Stafford Charles"“Gifts, Favors and Banquets: the Art of Social Relationships in China,”" Journal of the Royal Anthropological InstituteVol 2 1 1996 200 201 [Crossref]
28. Sun Fafeng"“Selective Support and Selective Control: New Developments in the Reform of the Social Organization Management System of China,”" The Journal of Shanghai Administration InstituteVol 5 2015 95 103
29. Tang Rui, Liu Hongqin"“From gdp Tournament to Binary Competition: the Logics of Behavioral Changes of Local Governments in China: An Empirical Study Based on Chinese Provincial Panel Data in 1998-2006,”" Journal of Public ManagementVol 1 2012 9 15
30. Tang Wenyu"“Administrative Absorption of Service: A New Interpretation of the State-Society Relationship in Chinese Mainland,”" The Journal of Public ManagementVol 1 2010 13 19
31. Tang Wenyu"“How to Examine Chinese ngo State Relations,”" Journal of Public AdministrationVol 4 2012 145 158
32. Teets Jessica"“Reforming Service Delivery in China: The Emergence of a Social Innovation Model,”" Journal of Chinese Political ScienceVol 17 1 2012 15 32 [Crossref]
33. Teets Jessica"“Let Many Civil Societies Bloom: The Rise of Consultative Authoritarianism in China,”" The China QuarterlyVol 213 2013 19 38 [Crossref]
34. Teets Jessica"“The Evolution of Civil Society in Yunnan Province: Contending Models of Civil Society Management in China,”" Journal of Contemporary ChinaVol 24 91 2015 158 175 [Crossref]
35. Wu Lei, Xu Jialiang"“A Study of the Tertiary Sector gdp Accounting System from the Perspective of Multi-Center Governance,”" Study and PracticeVol 2 2016 80 86
36. Wang Ming, Tong Lei"“The Development and Role of NGOs in the Field of Environmental Protection,”" Environmental ProtectionVol 5 2003 35 38
37. Wang Ming, Tong Lei"“Analyses and Suggestions on the Reform of Dual Management System of Civil Organizations,”" China Public AdministrationVol 4 2007 62 64
38. Wang Ming, Tong Lei Thirty Years of NGOs in China: Making for a Civil Society Beijing Social Sciences Academic Press 2008 20 201
39. Wang Ming, Sun Weilin"“The System of Social Organization Management: Inner Logics and Developmental Trend,”" China Public AdministrationVol 7 2011 1 21
40. Wang Shaoguang, He Jianyu"“China’s Social Organization Revolution: Map of Chinese Associations,”" Zhejiang Academic JournalVol 6 2004 71 77
41. Wang Xiangmin"“Differential Governance and System Expansion: Social Organization Governance in Contemporary China,”" The Journal of the East China Normal University (Philosophy and Social Sciences)Vol 5 2014 87 96
42. Wang Yuzhen, Wang Lihao"“Analysis of Provincial Development Difference of Social Organizations against the Backdrops of Governance Modernization,”" China Public Administration,Vol 10 2016 45 50
43. Wu Yue"“Embedded Control: An Explanation of the Administrative Operation of Social Organizations: A Case Study Based on an Institution,”" Journal of Public AdministrationVol 6 2013 107 127
44. Xie Fei"“Local Governments’ Political Embedment of Social Organization Fostering: An Empirical Study Based on the Guangzhou Municipal Government Level,”" The Journal of Guangzhou University: Social SciencesVol 6 2015 31 36
45. Xue Quan"“Social Organization Development under the Pressure System Model: A Case Study of Wenzhou,”" Journal of Public ManagementVol 4 2015 131 142
46. Xu Yongguang"“Giving Up the Planned Economy Thinking and Co-Building a New Mechanism for the Development of Public Services,”" Academic ExplorationVol 1 2 2013 5 6
47. Yang Hongshan"“Integrated Governance: a Theoretical Model of Local Governance in China,”" Expanding HorizonVol 3 2015 28 34
48. Yan Rengyu"“From Social Management to Social Governance: History and Logics in the Reform of the Government-Society Relationship,”" Contemporary World & SocialismVol 1 2015 165 170
49. Zhu Jian’gang, Chen Anna"“The Relationship between Embedded Professional Social Work and Neighborhood Authority: A Case Study of a Government Purchase Service Project,”" Study of SociologyVol 1 2013 43 63
50. Zhou Li’an"“The System of Administrative Contracting,”" SocietyVol 6 2014 36 49
51. Zhou Li’an"“Governing China’s Local Officials: An Analysis of Promotion Tournament Model,”" Journal of Economic ResearchVol 7 2007 36 49
52. Zhao Xiumei"“The State-Society Relationship in Community Administration: Observations of an ngo Involved in Community Public Services,”" Open TimesVol 4 2008 87 100
53. Xie Lie"“China’s Environmental Activism in the Age of Globalization,”" Asian Politics & PolicyVol 3 2 2011 207 224 [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    The China Nonprofit Review — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation