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The Controversy between al-Kindī and Yayā b. Adī on the Trinity, (part one): A Revival of the Controversy between Eunomius and the Cappadocian Fathers

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AbstractThis article deals with the reasoning of the neo-Arian Eunomius of Cyzicus and the Arabic philosopher al-Kindī against the consubstantiality (τ µοοσιον) of God the Father and God the Son and of three divine hypostases respectively. I wish to make evident that al-Kindī attacks the doctrine of Eunomius’ main adversaries Basil of Caesarea and Gregory of Nyssa as well as the doctrine of John Philoponus by taking up Aetius’ and Eunomius’ argument of the logical impossibility that the Ingenerate becomes generate. The philosophical and logico-semantic issue of dispute in the controversy is undistributed commonness versus distributed commonness (κοινωνα/cf. umūm), in other words intension versus extension. An investigation of Yayā b. Adī’s counter-refutation is forthcoming in one of the next volumes of Oriens.

Affiliations: 1: Ruhr-Universität Bochum, URL: http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink

10.1163/187783712X634652
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2012-01-01
2016-12-10

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