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Full Access Perceptual Upright: The Relative Effectiveness of Dynamic and Static Images Under Different Gravity States

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Perceptual Upright: The Relative Effectiveness of Dynamic and Static Images Under Different Gravity States

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For more content, see Multisensory Research and Spatial Vision.

The perceived direction of up depends on both gravity and visual cues to orientation. Static visual cues to orientation have been shown to be less effective in influencing the perception of upright (PU) under microgravity conditions than they are on earth (Dyde et al., 2009). Here we introduce dynamic orientation cues into the visual background to ascertain whether they might increase the effectiveness of visual cues in defining the PU under different gravity conditions. Brief periods of microgravity and hypergravity were created using parabolic flight. Observers viewed a polarized, natural scene presented at various orientations on a laptop viewed through a hood which occluded all other visual cues. The visual background was either an animated video clip in which actors moved along the visual ground plane or an individual static frame taken from the same clip. We measured the perceptual upright using the oriented character recognition test (OCHART). Dynamic visual cues significantly enhance the effectiveness of vision in determining the perceptual upright under normal gravity conditions. Strong trends were found for dynamic visual cues to produce an increase in the visual effect under both microgravity and hypergravity conditions.

Affiliations: 1: Centre for Vision Research, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada; Department of Computer Science and Engineering, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. jenkin@cse.yorku.ca; 2: Centre for Vision Research, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada; 3: Centre for Vision Research, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada; Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada

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/content/journals/10.1163/187847511x555292
2011-02-01
2016-09-26

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