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Comedy and Biography in the Reckless Student (Anonymous, 1681) (Schwankhaftes und Biographisches im Ruchlosen Studenten (anonym, 1681))

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Towards a Transformation of the Picaresque Syntagma and Character in the Late 17th Century (Zur Transformation von pikareskem Syntagma und pikaresker Figur im späten 17. Jahrhundert)

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This essay discusses the transformation and breakdown of the picaresque in the late 17th century, with specific reference to narrative strategies used in Der ruchlose Student (1681), an anonymous and fragmentary German translation of a Dutch text – picaresque in the broader sense. These strategies, it is argued, reveal both an internalisation of the first-person narrator and early manifestations of a causally motivated (biographical) syntagma. By way of example, it is demonstrated how the typical affectively flat, villainous narrator of earlier picaresque novels, as well as the episodic structure of these texts, are transformed in Der ruchlose Student such as to enable the emergence of a more modern individual within the framework of a more consistent story line. As such, this essay contributes indirectly to scholarly discussions relating to the embourgeoisement of the picaro figure.Der folgende Text stellt einen Beitrag zu Um- und Abbauten des Pikaresken gegen Ende des 17. Jahrhunderts dar. Er widmet sich den narrativen Strategien in dem anonym verfassten Romanfragment Der ruchlose Student (1681), der deutschen Übersetzung eines niederländischen Schelmenromans im weiteren Sinne, die eine Verinnerlichung des pikaresken Ich-Erzählers sowie erste Ausprägungen eines kausal motivierten (biographischen) Syntagmas erkennen lassen. Exemplarisch wird also herausgearbeitet, wie sich der typische pikareske statische Erzähler älterer Schelmenromane sowie deren episodische Handlungsführung in Ansätzen transformieren und ein moderneres Individuum in einem konsistenteren Handlungsgefüge aufscheint. Indirekt schließt der Beitrag damit an die Debatte um die Verbürgerlichung des Pikaros an.

Affiliations: 1: Assistenz-Professor, Institut für Germanistik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, Österreich,


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