Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Spinning a Marine Silk for the Purpose of Tube-Building

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

Amphipod silk is a fibrous, self-secreted, adhesive substance employed in tube-building by amphipod species within the Corophiidea, Ampeliscoidea and Aetiopedidea. In the present study we provide a detailed characterisation of a novel, marine-based silk production system situated in pereiopods 3 and 4 in the corophioid Crassicorophium bonellii and the aorid Lembos websteri. The silk material is a mixture of protein and mucopolysaccharides. Ultrastructural and histological analyses revealed that silk in both species is produced in several rosette-type glands, presumed to be of two different types. These glands are distributed among all limb articles apart from the coxa but mainly in the basis and merus of pereiopods 3 and 4. Secretion commences in the basis and a thread-like secretion product leaves the glandular pereiopod through a cuticular pore near the dactylar tip. The silk’s physical and chemical properties most likely change while moving through the dactylar duct, which subdivides into several small ductules and terminates in a spindle-shaped chamber. This chamber, which communicates with the exterior, may be considered a silk reservoir in which the silk appears fibrous. For the first time an independently evolved, marine arthropod silk processing and secretion system is described.

Affiliations: 1: 1University Marine Biological Station Millport, University of London, KA28 0EG Isle of Cumbrae, UK; 2: 2Department of Biology, University of New Brunswick, E2L 4L5 Saint John, Canada; 3: 3Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, OX1 3PS Oxford, UK


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Alexander C. G. 1989. "Tegumental glands in the paragnaths of Palaemon serratus(Crustacea: Natantia)". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 69: 53- 63.
2. Bate C. S. 1857. "British Amphipoda". Annals and Magazine of Natural History Vol 19: 271.
3. Bird G. J. , Holdich D. M. . 1985. "A remarkable tubicolous tanaid (Crustacea: Tanaidacea) from Rockall Trough". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 65: 563- 572.
4. Bonhag P. 1955. "Histochemical studies of the ovarian nurse tissue and oocytes of the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus(Dallas). I. Cytology, nucleic acids and carbohydrates". Journal of Morphology Vol 96: 381- 439.
5. Craig C. L. 1997. "The evolution of silk spun by arthropods". Annual Review of Entomology Vol 42: 231- 267.
6. Craig C. L. . 2003. Spiderwebs and Silk. Tracing Evolution from Molecules to Genes and Phenotypes. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
7. Dixon I. M. T. , Moore P. G. . 1997. "A comparative study on the tubes and feeding behaviour of eight species of corophioid Amphipoda and their bearing on phylogenetic relationships within the Corophioidea". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Vol 352: 93- 112.
8. Dworschak P. C. 1998. "The role of tegumental glands in burrow construction by two Mediterranean callianassid shrimps". Senckenbergiana Maritima Vol 28( 4/6): 143- 149.
9. Engster M. 1976. "Studies on silk secretion in the Trichoptera (F. Limnephilidae)". Journal of Morphology Vol 150: 183- 212.
10. Fingerman M. 1992. "Glands and secretion", pp. 345- 394. In, Harrison F. W. , Humes A. G. (eds.), Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. Vol Vol. 10. Wiley-Liss, New York.
11. Gorvett H. 1951. "The tegumental glands in land Isopoda. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical" Science Vol 92( 3): 275- 296.
12. Gurr E. 1962. Staining Animal Tissues. Leonard Hill Books Ltd., London.
13. Hentschel U. , Elger M. . 1987. "The distal nephron in the kidney of fishes. A comparative morphological study of nephron segmentation and renal architecture in the Agnatha, the Chondrichthyes and the Osteichthyes". Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology Vol 108: 1- 160.
14. Holdich D. M. , Jones J. A. . 1983. Tanaids. Synopses of the British Fauna. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
15. Horobin R. W. , Kiernan J. A. . 2002. Conn’s Biological Stains. A Handbook of Stains, Dyes and Fluorochromes for Use in Biology and Medicine. Bios Scientific Publications, Oxford.
16. Johnson B. , Talbot P. . 1987. "Ultrastructural analysis of pleopod tegumental glands in male and female Lobsters Homarus americanus ". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 7( 2): 288- 301.
17. Kiernan J. A. 2008. Histological and Histochemical Methods. Theory and Practice. Scion, Oxfordshire.
18. Knight D. P. , Vollrath F. . 2002. "Spinning an elastic ribbon of spider silk". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B Vol 357: 219- 227.
19. Lakshmana Rao M. V. , Shyamasundari K. . 1963. "Tube-building habits of the fouling amphipod Corophium triaenonyxStebbing at Visakhapatam Harbour". Journal of the Zoological Society of India Vol 15: 134- 140.
20. Lewis R. V. 2006. "Spider silk: ancient ideas for new biomaterials". Chemical Reviews Vol 106( 9): 3762- 3774.
21. Lincoln R. J. 1979. British Marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea. British Museum of Natural History, London.
22. Milne Edwards H. 1830. "Extrait de recherches pur servir a l’histoire naturelle des Crustaces Amphipodes". Annales Des Sciences Naturelles Vol 20: 353- 399.
23. Moore P. G. , Myers A. A. . 1988. "An enigma from Australia: a new variation on the corophioid theme (Crustacea: Amphipoda)". Journal of Natural History Vol 22: 1665- 1675.
24. Myers A. A. , Lowry J. K. . 2003. "A phylogeny and new classification of the Corophiidea Leach, 1814 (Amphipoda)". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 23: 443- 485.
25. Noirot C. , Quennedy A. . 1991. "Glands, gland cells, glandular units: some comments on terminology and classification". Annales de la Société Entomologique de France Vol 27: 123- 128.
26. Pearse A. G. E. 1968. Histochemistry. Theoretical and Applied. J. and A. Churchill Ltd., London.
27. Richardson K. C. , Jarett L. , Finke E. H. . 1960. "Embedding in epoxy resins for ultra-thin sectioning in electron microscopy". Stain Technology Vol 35: 313- 325.
28. Schmitz E. 1992. "Amphipoda", pp.  443- 528. In, Harrison F. W. , Locke M. (eds.), Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. Vol Vol. 9. Wiley-Liss, New York.
29. Shillaker R. O. 1977. The biology of Lembos websteriand Corophium bonellii(Crustacea: Amphipoda) in relation to turbulence and turbidity. Ph.D. thesis, University of Glasgow, 232 pp.
30. Shillaker R. O. , Moore P. G. . 1978. "Tube-building by the amphipods Lembos websteriBate and Corophium bonelliiMilne Edwards". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 33: 169- 185.
31. Shyamasundari K. 1978. "Studies on the Indian Sand Lobster Thenus orientalis(Lund): mucopolysaccharides of the tegumental glands". Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica Vol 16( 3): 247- 254.
32. Spurr A. R. 1969. "A low-viscosity epoxy resin embedding medium for electron microscopy". Journal of Ultrastructural Research Vol 26: 31- 43.
33. Stebbing T. R. R. 1904. "Gregarious Crustacea from Ceylon". Spolia Zeylanica Vol 2: 1- 29.
34. Talbot P. , Demers D. . 1993. "Tegumental glands in Crustacea", pp.  151- 192. In, Horst M. N. , Freeman J. A. (eds.), The Crustacean Integument Morphology and Biochemistry. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
35. Wägele J.-W. 1992. "Isopoda", pp.  529- 617. In, Harrison F. W. , Locke M. (eds.), Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. Vol Vol. 9. Wiley-Liss, New York.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation