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Physiological and biochemical changes of wild and cultivated juvenile pink shrimp Farfantepenaeus duorarum (Crustacea: Penaeidae) during molt cycle

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Changes in metabolite levels in hemolymph and hepatopancreas were used as indicators of physiological status of juvenile wild and cultivated Farfantepenaeus duorarum (Burkenroad, 1939), during hyper-osmoregulatory conditions (salinity 22 ppt, 726 mOsm/kg). We analyzed the relationship between biochemical changes of wild and cultivated shrimp at different molt stages by measurement of osmotic capacity, hemocyanin, acylglycerides, cholesterol, glucose, glycogen and total protein. Biochemical analyses of hemolymph (blood) and hepatopancreas showed a decreasing trend in stages closer to molt and an increasing trend before intermolt. Osmotic capacity and blood proteins indicated a significant effect of the molt stage. Stages A, D1′ and D1′′′ showed the greatest effect on the biochemical variables. Higher hemocyanin, cholesterol and glycogen concentrations were observed in wild shrimp than in cultivated shrimp. The effect of the molt cycle was associated with changes in cyclic ions and water balance that produced chemical changes in the hemolymph in both wild and cultivated.

Affiliations: 1: 1Posgrado en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Circuito exterior S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, México D. F., 04510 Mexico; 2: 2Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México – Sisal, Facultad de Ciencias, Puerto de Abrigo S/N, Sisal, Hunucmá, Yucatán, 97355 Mexico; 3: 3Ifremer, Centre du Pacifique, BP 7004, Taravao, 98719 Tahiti


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