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image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

ABSTRACT Twenty-seven species of peracarid crustaceans and shrimps from the Chukchi Sea were examined for fouling organisms. Barnacles (Balanus crenatus) settled abundantly (29 per female) only on the amphipod Pleustes panopla tuberculata (Pleustidae) at Little Diomede Island, Alaska, and almost exclusively on the largest and oldest individuals of the population, the postbrooding females. Most settled on pereionites and coxae and orientated toward the ventral region of the amphipod, consistent with their expected response to surface availability and contour and to light. Hydroids (Sertularella elegans) were also found on the amphipods (3.4 per female), distributed somewhat more evenly than the barnacles. There was no relationship between the number of barnacles or hydroids and the size of females. Females were observed on exposed rock surfaces where they were inactive, due to postreproductive senescence, and presented an acceptable substratum to settlers. This dead-end interaction underscores the terminal nature of the "spawned out" females and the uncertain nature of barnacle larval settlement.


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