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MATING BEHAVIOR IN THE WHITE SHRIMPS PENAEUS SETIFERUS AND P. VANNAMEI: A GENERALIZED MODEL FOR MATING IN PENAEUS

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ABSTRACT The mating behavior of the white shrimps Penaeus (Litopenaeus) setiferus and Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei was observed for comparison with mating behaviors in other subgenera of Penaeus. In accordance with video analysis and visual observations, the mating behavior of P. setiferus was divided into 4 sequential stages. During the Chase stage, the male closely trails the female, mirroring the female's changes in direction. In the Probe stage, the male approaches the female ventrally and probes the thelycal region of the female with its antennules. The Embrace stage is characterized by the male inverting itself, juxtaposing ventral surfaces with the female, and wrapping its pereiopods around the carapace of the female. In the final stage, the Flex, the male collapses its uropods, hooks its abdomen slightly, and rotates perpendicular to the midline of the female forming a U-shape around the female. Penaeusvannamei exhibited a mating behavior similar to that of P. setiferus. However, the reduction in the angle of rotation and abdominal curling during the Flex stage differed from that of P. setiferus. A generalized model for mating behavior within the genus Penaeus is proposed.

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/content/journals/10.1163/193724096x00289
1996-01-01
2016-12-10

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