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Full Access Sex ratio, growth and recruitment of the pelagic shrimp Acetes americanus on the southeastern coast of Brazil

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Sex ratio, growth and recruitment of the pelagic shrimp Acetes americanus on the southeastern coast of Brazil

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We evaluated the population dynamics of Acetes americanus Ortmann, 1893 focusing on sex ratio, individual growth, longevity, and the juvenile recruitment period. Samples were collected monthly from January 2006 to June 2007 in the bay of Ubatuba, Brazil. Specimen growth was identified for each gender, and the chosen cohorts were fitted in a von Bertalanffy Growth Model (VBGM); longevity was estimated by the von Bertalanffy inverse equation, considering 99% of the asymptotic length. A total of 6881 individuals (2343 males and 4538 females) were captured. On average the body size (total length) was greater in females (14.64 ± 3.34 mm) than in males (12.27 ± 1.86 mm). The mean growth curves (obtained by grouping the cohorts for each sex), provided estimates of TL∞ = 19.33 mm, k = 0.02 and t0 = −0.12 days for females and TL∞ = 15.13 mm, k = 0.03 and t0 = −0.07 days for males, where TL∞ is the asymptotic length, k is coefficient of growth and t0 is the theorical age when the size is equal to 0. Longevity was estimated at 0.61 years for females and 0.50 years for males. The sex ratio tended to favor females, which corroborates with others studies of sergestids. Our finding that males of A. americanus have higher values of k and therefore achieve a smaller size relative to females has been observed in other penaeids. We concluded that this differential growth pattern between the sexes is found across Dendrobranchiata. The life cycles of penaeids have an average duration of approximately 1-2 years, but our results corroborate other studies that estimate a shorter longevity for Acetes, as species of this genus are typically smaller in size. We found continuous recruitment with two main peaks observed during the study period, corroborating previous studies of Acetes.

Affiliations: 1: 1LABCAM (Laboratório de Biologia de Camarões Marinhos e de Água Doce), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Faculdade de Ciências, UNESP, 17033-360, Bauru, SP, Brazil and Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas, A/C: Zoologia, IBB, UNESP, 18618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brazil; 2: 2Laboratório de Crustáceos Decápodos, Departamento de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, FURG, 96201-900, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil; 3: 3Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP, 18618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brazil

We evaluated the population dynamics of Acetes americanus Ortmann, 1893 focusing on sex ratio, individual growth, longevity, and the juvenile recruitment period. Samples were collected monthly from January 2006 to June 2007 in the bay of Ubatuba, Brazil. Specimen growth was identified for each gender, and the chosen cohorts were fitted in a von Bertalanffy Growth Model (VBGM); longevity was estimated by the von Bertalanffy inverse equation, considering 99% of the asymptotic length. A total of 6881 individuals (2343 males and 4538 females) were captured. On average the body size (total length) was greater in females (14.64 ± 3.34 mm) than in males (12.27 ± 1.86 mm). The mean growth curves (obtained by grouping the cohorts for each sex), provided estimates of TL∞ = 19.33 mm, k = 0.02 and t0 = −0.12 days for females and TL∞ = 15.13 mm, k = 0.03 and t0 = −0.07 days for males, where TL∞ is the asymptotic length, k is coefficient of growth and t0 is the theorical age when the size is equal to 0. Longevity was estimated at 0.61 years for females and 0.50 years for males. The sex ratio tended to favor females, which corroborates with others studies of sergestids. Our finding that males of A. americanus have higher values of k and therefore achieve a smaller size relative to females has been observed in other penaeids. We concluded that this differential growth pattern between the sexes is found across Dendrobranchiata. The life cycles of penaeids have an average duration of approximately 1-2 years, but our results corroborate other studies that estimate a shorter longevity for Acetes, as species of this genus are typically smaller in size. We found continuous recruitment with two main peaks observed during the study period, corroborating previous studies of Acetes.

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/content/journals/10.1163/1937240x-00002108
2013-01-01
2016-12-03

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