Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

A Triassic giant amphipod from Nevada, USA

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

Price:
$30.00+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

A giant fossil amphipod Rosagammarus minichiellus n. gen., n. sp. occurs in a Triassic limestone (Luning Formation, west-central Nevada) in association with ichthyosaurs (Shonisaurus sp.) and the deep-water trace fossil Protopaleodictyon ichnosp. Fossil pereion and pereiopod morphology suggest affinities with Acanthogammaridae, a freshwater amphipod family largely endemic to Lake Baikal. The large size (17 cm) of the Triassic amphipod shows that supergiant, deep marine amphipods comparable to modern Alicella gigantea Chevreux, 1899 were extant during the early Mesozoic. By analogy with A. gigantea, R. minichiellus was likely a necrophagous, benthopelagic scavenger that fed on ichthyosaur and other sea floor carcasses. Rosagammarus minichiellus appears to be the oldest known fossil amphipod, extending the known geological range of Amphipoda by at least 170 million years.

1. Ahyong S. T. , Lowry J. K. , Alonso M. , Bamber R. N. , Boxshall G. A. , Castro P. , Gerken S. , Karaman G. S. , Goy J. W. , Jones D. S. , Meland K. , Christopher Rogers D. , Svavarsson J. . 2011. "Subphylum Crustacea Brünnich, 1772". Zootaxa Vol 3148: 165- 191.
2. Alonso J. , Arillo A. , Barron E. , Corral J. C. , Grimalt J. , Lopez J. , Lopez R. , Martinez-Declos X. , Ortuno V. , Penalver E. , Trincao P. R. . 2000. "A new fossil resin with biological inclusions in Lower Cretaceous deposits from Alava (northern Spain, Basque-Cantabrian basin)". Journal of Paleontology Vol 74: 158- 178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1666/0022-3360(2000)074<0158:ANFRWB>2.0.CO;2
3. Barnard J. L. , Ingram C. L. . 1986. "The supergiant amphipod Alicella giganteaChevreux from the North Pacific Gyre". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 6: 825- 839. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1548395
4. Barnard J. L. , Ingram C. L. . 1990. "Lysianassoid Amphipoda (Crustacea) from deep-sea thermal vents". Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Vol 499: 1- 80. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.499
5. Barnard J. L. , Karaman G. S. . 1980. "Classification of gammarid Amphipoda". Crustaceana Supplement Vol 6: 5- 16.
6. Bate C. S. 1859. "On the fossil Crustacean found in the Magnesian Limestone of Durham by Mr. J. Kirby and on a new species of Amphipod". Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London Vol 15: 137- 140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/GSL.JGS.1859.015.01-02.32
7. Bazikalova A. R. 1945. "Amfipody ozera Baikala". Transactions of the Lake Baikal Limnological Station Vol 11: 1- 440.
8. Bazikalova A. R. . 1962. "Sistematika, ekologiya i rasprostranenie rodov MicruropusStebbing i Pseudomicruropusnov. gen. (Amphipoda, Gammaridae). Sistematika i ekologiya rakoobraznykh Baikala". Trudy Limnologicheskoga instituta SO AN SSSR Vol 2: 3- 140.
9. Bousfield E. L. 1973. Shallow-Water Gammaridean Amphipoda of New England. Comstock Publishing Associates/Ithaca University Press, Ithaca, New York.
10. Bousfield E. L. . 1977. "A new look at the systematics of gammaroidean amphipods of the world". Crustaceana Supplement Vol 4: 282- 316.
11. Bousfield E. L. . 1982a. "Amphipoda: Gammaridea", pp.  254- 285. In, Parker S. B. (ed.), Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. Vol Vol. 2. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
12. Bousfield E. L. . 1982b. "Amphipoda: Paleohistory", pp.  96- 100. In, McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 1982-83.
13. Bousfield E. L. , Poinar G. O. . 1994. "A new terrestrial amphipod from Tertiary amber deposits of Chiapas province, southern Mexico". Historical Biology Vol 7: 105- 114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10292389409380448
14. Bousfield E. L. , Poinar G. O. . 1995. "New terrestrial amphipod from Tertiary amber deposits of the Dominican Republic". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 15: 746- 755. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1548823
15. Chapelle G. , Peck L. S. . 2004. "Amphipod crustacean size spectra: new insights in the relationship between size and oxygen". Oikos Vol 106: 167- 175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12934.x
16. Chapelle G. , Peck L. S. . 1999. "Polar gigantism dictated by oxygen availability". Nature Vol 399: 114- 115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/20099
17. Chevreux E. 1899. "Sur deux expèces géantes d’amphipodes provenant des campagnes du yacht Princesse Alice ". Bulletin de la Sociètè Zoologique de France Vol 24: 152- 158.
18. Coleman C. O. 2004. "Aquatic amphipods (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Crangonycidae) in three pieces of Baltic amber". Organisms, Diversity & Evolution Vol 4: 119- 122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2004.01.003
19. Coleman C. O. . 2006. "An amphipod of the genus SynurellaWrzesniowski, 1877 (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Crangonyctidae) found in Baltic amber". Organisms, Diversity & Evolution Vol 6: 103- 108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ode.2005.11.001
20. Coleman C. O. , Myers A. A. . 2001. "New Amphipoda from Baltic amber". Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii Vol 47: 457- 464.
21. Coleman C. O. , Ruffo S. . 2002. "Another discovery of a niphargid amphipod (Crustacea) in Baltic amber". Mitteilungen des Geologischen-Palaontologischen Instituts, Universitat Hamburg Vol 86: 239- 244.
22. Conlan K. E. 1995. "Thumb evolution in the amphipod genus MicrojassaStebbing (Corophioidea: Ischyroceridae)". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 15: 693- 702. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1548819
23. Dahl E. 1979. "Deep-sea carrion feeding amphipods: evolutionary patterns in niche adaptation". Oikos Vol 33: 167- 175. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3543994
24. Daneliya M. E. , Kamaltynov R. M. , Väinölä R. . 2011. "Phylogeography and systematics of Acanthogammaruss. str., giant amphipod crustaceans from Lake Baikal". Zoologica Scripta Vol 40: 623- 637. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2011.00490.x
25. De Broyer C. , Thurston M. H. . 1987. "New Atlantic material and redescription of the type specimens of the giant abyssal amphipod Alicella giganteaChevreux (Crustacea)". Zoological Scripta Vol 16: 335- 350. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1987.tb00079.x
26. Dorogostaiskii V. Ch. 1922. "Materialy dla kartsinologicheskoi fauny ozera Baikal". Trudy Komissii po izucheniyu ozera Baikala Vol 1: 105- 153.
27. Dorogostaiskii V. Ch. . 1930. "Novye materialy dla karthinologicheskoi fauny ozera Baikal". Trudy Komissii po izucheniyu ozera Baikala Vol 3: 49- 76.
28. Duffy G. A. , Horton T. , Billet D. S. M. . 2012. "Deep-sea scavenging amphipod assemblages from the submarine canyons of the Western Iberian Peninsula". Biogeosciences Vol 9: 4861- 4869. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-4861-2012
29. Dybowsky B. N. 1874. Beitrage zur naheren Kenntnis der in dem Baikal-Vorkommenden niederen Krebse aus der Gruppe des Gammariden. W. Besobrasoff and Company, St. Petersburg.
30. Frey R. W. , Pemberton S. G. . 1984. "Trace fossil facies models", pp.  189- 207. In, Walker R. G. (ed.), Facies Models. Geological Association of Canada, Toronto, ON.
31. Garyaev V. P. 1901. "Gammaridy ozera Baikala. Chast’ pervaya. Acanthogammarinae". Trudy Obshchestva estestvoispytatelei pri Imperatorskom Kazanskom Universitetie Vol 35: 1- 62.
32. Glaessner M. F. 1957. " Palaeocrangon, a Permian isopod crustacean". Records of the South Australian Museum Vol 13: 143- 145.
33. Hogler J. A. 1992. "Taphonomy and paleoecology of Shonisaurus popularus(Reptilia: Ichthyosauria)". Palaios Vol 7: 108- 117. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3514800
34. Holsinger J. R. 1974. "Comments on the newly proposed gammaridean amphipod families Crangonycidae and Melitidae". Crustaceana Vol 26: 316- 318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854074X00721
35. Holsinger J. R. . 1977. "A review of the systematics of the Holarctic amphipod family Crangonyctidae". Crustaceana Supplement Vol 4: 244- 281.
36. Holsinger J. R. . 1986. "Zoogeographic patterns of North American subterranean amphipod crustaceans", pp.  85- 106. In, Gore R. H. , Heck K. L. (eds.), Crustacean Biogeography. Crustacean Issues 4. Balkema, Rotterdam.
37. Holsinger J. R. , Longley G. . 1980. "The subterranean amphipod crustacean fauna of an artesian well in Texas". Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology Vol 308: 1- 62. http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.308
38. Hou Z. , Sket B. , Fiser C. , Li S. . 2011. "Eocene habitat shift from saline to freshwater promoted Tethyan amphipod diversification". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Vol 108: 14533- 14538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1104636108
39. Hurley D. E. 1958. "A key to the families of New Zealand amphipods". Tuatara Vol 7: 71- 83.
40. Hurley D. E. . 1973. "An annotated checklist of fossils attributed to the crustacean Amphipoda". New Zealand Oceanographic Institute Records Vol 1: 211- 217.
41. Jamieson A. J. , Lacey N. C. , Lörz A.-N. , Rowden A. A. , Piertney S. B. . 2013. "The supergiant amphipod Alicella gigantea(Crustacea: Alicellidae) from hadal depths in the Kermadec Trench, SW Pacific Ocean". Deep-Sea Research II Vol 92: 107- 113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2012.12.002
42. Jaume D. , Christenson K. . 2001. "Amphi-Atlantic distribution of the subterranean amphipod family Metacrangonyctidae (Crustacea, Gammaridea)". Contributions to Zoology Vol 70: 99- 125.
43. Jazdzewski K. , Kulicka R. . 2000a. "Ein neuer Flohkrebs (Crustacea) in Baltischen Bernstein". Fossilien Vol 1: 24- 26.
44. Jazdzewski K. , Kulicka R. . 2000b. "A note on amphipod crustaceans in a piece of Baltic amber". Annales Zoologici Vol 50: 99- 100.
45. Jazdzewski K. , Kulicka R. . 2002. "New fossil amphipod, Palaeogammarus polonicusn. sp., from the Baltic amber". Acta Geologica Polonica Vol 52: 379- 383.
46. Jazdzewski K. , Kupryjanowicz J. . 2010. "One more fossil niphargid (Malacostraca: Amphipoda) from Baltic Amber". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 30: 413- 416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/09-3259.1
47. Just J. 1974. "On PalaeogammarusZaddach, 1864, with a description of a new species from western Baltic amber (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Crangonyctidae)". Steenstrupia Vol 3: 93- 99.
48. Karaman G. S. 1984. "Critical remarks to the fossil Amphipoda with descriptions of some new taxa". Poljoprivreda i Sumarstvo Vol 30: 87- 104.
49. Karaman G. S. , Barnard J. L. . 1979. "The life histories of Gammarus lacustrisand G. pseudolimnaeusin southern Ontario". Crustaceana Supplement Vol 3: 329- 341.
50. Karasawa H. 1997. "A monograph of Cenozoic stomatopod, decapod, isopod and amphipod Crustacea from West Japan". Monograph of the Mizunami Fossil Museum Vol 8: 1- 81.
51. Lichtenstein H. 1822. II. Gammarus Gryllus N., pp. 34-37. In, Mandt, M. W. (ed.), Observationes in historiam naturalem et anatomiam comparatam in itinere Groenlandico factae. Dissertation in auguarlisquam consenu et auctoritate gratiosi medicorum ordinis in universitate literaria berolinensi ut summi in medicina et chirurgia honores rite sibi concedantur die XXII. Formis Brueschckiansis, Berlin.
52. Lowry J. K. , De Boyer C. . 2008. "Alicellidae and Valettiopsidae, two new callynophorate families (Crustacea: Amphipoda)". Zootaxa Vol 1843: 57- 66.
53. Lucks R. 1928. " Palaeogammarus balticus, nov. sp., ein neuer Gammaride aus dem Bernstein". Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig Vol 8: 1- 13.
54. Mukai K. , Takeda M. . 1987. "A giant amphipod Crustacea from the Miocene Morozaki Group in the Chita Peninsula, Central Japan". Bulletin of the Natural Sciences Museum, Tokyo, Series C Vol 13: 35- 39.
55. Myers A. A. 1991. "How did Hawaii accumulate its biota? A test from the amphipoda". Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters Vol 1: 24- 29. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2997541
56. Myers A. A. , Lowry J. K. . 2003. "A phylogeny and a new classification of the Corophiidea Leach, 1814 (Amphipoda)". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 23: 443- 485. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/20021975-99990353
57. Myers A. A. , Lowry J. K. . 2009. "The biogeography of Indo-West Pacific tropical amphipods with particular reference to Australia". Zootaxa Vol 2260: 109- 127.
58. Newton C. R. 1988. "Significance of “Tethyan” fossils in the American Cordillera". Science Vol 242: 385- 391. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.242.4877.385
59. Pless D. D. , Aguilar M. B. , Falcon A. , Lozano-Alvarez E. , Heimer de la Cotera E. P. . 2003. "Latent phenoloxidase activity and N-terminal amino acid sequence of hemocyanin from Bathynomus giganteus, a primitive crustacean". Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics Vol 409: 402- 410. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9861(02)00615-X
60. Seilacher A. 1967. "Bathymetry of trace fossils". Marine Geology Vol 5: 413- 428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-3227(67)90051-5
61. Selden P. A. 1986. "A new identity for the Silurian arthropod Necrogammarus ". Palaeontology Vol 29: 629- 631.
62. Serejo C. S. , Wakabara Y. . 2003. "The genus Valettiopsis(Crustacea, Gammaridea, Lysianassoidea) from the southwestern Atlantic, collected by the RV Marion Dufresne ". Zoosystema Vol 25: 187- 196.
63. Shervakov D. Y. , Kamaltynov R. M. , Ogarkov O. B. , Verheyen E. . 1998. "Patterns of evolutionary change in Baikalian gammarids inferred from DNA sequences (Crustacea, Amphipoda)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution Vol 10: 160- 167. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/mpev.1997.0482
64. Silberling N. J. 1959. Pre-Tertiary stratigraphy and Upper Triassic paleontology of the Union District, Shoshone Mountains, Nevada. United Stated Geological Survey Professional Paper 322: 1-67.
65. Sket B. 2000. " Fuxiania yangig. n., sp. n. (Crustacea: Amphipoda), a “baikaloid” amphipod from the depth of Fuxian Hu, an ancient lake in the karst of Yunnan, China". Archiv fuer Hydrobiologie Vol 147: 241- 255.
66. Smith P. L. , Westerman G. E. G. , Stanley G. D. , Yancey T. E. , Newton C. R. . 1990. "Paleobiogeography of the ancient Pacific". Science Vol 249: 680- 683. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.249.4969.680
67. Stebbing T. R. R. 1888. "Report on the amphipoda collected by H. M. S. Challengerduring the years 1873-1876. Report on the Scientific results of the Voyage of H. M. S. Challengerduring the years 1873-76". Zoology Vol 29: 1- 1737.
68. Stoddart H. E. , Lowry J. K. . 2004. "The deep-sea lysianassoid genus Eurythenes(Crustacea, Amphipods, Eurytheneidae n. fam.)". Zoosystema Vol 26: 425- 468.
69. Stow D. A. V. 2006. Sedimentary Rocks in the Field: a Color Guide. Academic Press, London.
70. Takhteev V. V. 2000. "Trends in the evolution of Baikal amphipods and evolutionary parallels with some marine malacostracan faunas". Advances in Ecological Research Vol 31: 197- 220.
71. Thurston M. H. , Petrillo M. , Della Croce N. . 2002. "Population structure of the necrophagous amphipod Eurythenes gryllus(Amphipoda: Gammaridea) from the Atacama Trench (south-east Pacific Ocean)". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 82: 205- 211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315402005374
72. Timofeev S. F. 2001. "Bergmann’s Principle and deep-water gigantism in marine crustaceans". Biology Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vol 28: 646- 650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012336823275
73. Väinölä R. , Witt J. D. S. , Grabowski M. , Bradbury J. H. , Jazdzewski K. , Sket B. . 2008. "Global diversity of amphipods (Amphipoda; Crustacea) in freshwater". Hydrobiologia Vol 595: 241- 255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9020-6
74. Vonk R. , Schram F. R. . 2003. "Ingolfiellidea (Crustacea, Malacostraca, Amphipoda): a phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis". Contributions to Zoology Vol 72: 39- 72.
75. Vonk R. , Schram F. R. . 2007. "Three new tanaid species (Crustacea, Percarida, Tanaidacea) from the Lower Cretaceous Alva amber in northern Spain". Journal of Paleontology Vol 81: 1502- 1509. http://dx.doi.org/10.1666/05-020.1
76. Weitschat W. , Brandt A. , Coleman C. O. , Moller-Andersen N. , Myers A. A. , Wichard W. . 2002. "Taphocoenosis of an extraordinary arthropod community in Baltic amber". Mitteilungen des Geologischen-Paläontologischen Instituts, Universität Hamburg Vol 86: 189- 210.
77. Westermann G. E. G. 1973. "The Late Triassic Bivalve Monotis ", pp.  251- 258. In, Hallam A. (ed.), Atlas of Palaeobiogeograhy. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
78. Woodward H. 1870. "On Necrogammarus salweyi(H. Woodward), an amphipodous crustacean from the Lower Ludlow of Leintwardine". Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists Field Club Vol 1870: 271- 272.
79. Zaddach G. 1864. "Ein Amphipode im Bernstein". Schriften der Koniglichen Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg Vol 5: 1- 12.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1937240x-00002192
2013-01-01
2015-07-02

Affiliations: 1: Department of Geology and Geography, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA 01075, USA

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to email alerts
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Name:*
    Email:*
    Your details
    Name:*
    Email:*
    Department:*
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
     
     
     
    Other:
     
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library

    Thank you

    Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation