Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Effects of removal from the mother and salinity on embryonic development of Palaemonetes argentinus (Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

This Article is currently unavailable for purchase.
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Parental removal experiments are a simple method for understanding the adaptive value of egg brooding in decapod crustaceans. Embryos of several decapods have been successfully cultured in vitro; however, simultaneous comparison between sibling embryos attached and isolated from their mother remains largely unexplored. In this study, we kept sibling embryos of Palaemonetes argentinus Nobili, 1901 isolated and attached to the female throughout embryogenesis in two salinity treatments (2 and 15‰). Four times during embryonic development, we individually photographed embryos and measured their volume, yolk consumption, and developmental rates. We also measured hatching time, and determined the survival time of newly-hatched larvae in absence of food. The volume and yolk consumption increased throughout embryonic development, but isolated embryos always reached a larger size and had less yolk than the attached ones. The enhancement in volume and yolk consumption for both attached and isolated embryos was higher at the low salinity treatment. Moreover, isolated embryos always hatched earlier than those attached to their mothers, and the shortest time to hatch was registered at the low salinity treatment. The first zoeal stage of P. argentinus can successfully develop from hatching through the moult to the following stage without food (facultative lecithotrophy). This result was affected by embryo culture conditions and salinity indicating that embryonic experience carries over into the larval phase. The embryos/larvae without maternal care seem to have better performance than the ones that enjoyed maternal brooding during embryo development and these results were consistent across two different salinities. It is likely that brooding of embryos persist in this species because motherless embryos in the natural environment most likely would have no survival at all. In such a sense, our results suggest a trade-off where maternal care has certain costs for embryos (longer development, lower larval survival), but where the benefits (high survival of protected embryos in natural environments) most likely outweigh these costs.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Adiyodi R. T. 1988. "Reproduction and development", pp.  139- 185. In, Burggren W. W. , McMahon B. R. (eds.), Biology of Land Crabs. Cambridge University Press, New York. [Crossref]
2. Anger K. 2001. The Biology of Decapod Crustacean Larvae. Crustacean Issues. Vol Vol. 14. A. A. Balkema, Lisse.
3. Anger K. , Moreira G. , Ismael D. . 2002. "Comparative size, biomass, elemental composition (C, N, H), and energy concentration of caridean shrimp eggs". Invertebrate Reproduction and Development Vol 42: 83- 93. [Crossref]
4. Aoki M. 1997. "Comparative study of mother-young association in caprellid amphipods: is maternal care effective?" Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 17: 447- 458. [Crossref]
5. Baeza J. A. , Fernández M. . 2002. "Active brood care in Cancer setosus(Crustacea: Decapoda): the relationship between female behaviour, embryo oxygen consumption and the cost of brooding". Functional Ecology Vol 16: 241- 251. [Crossref]
6. Bas C. C. , Spivak E. D. . 2000. "Effect of salinity on embryos of two Southwestern Atlantic estuarine grapsid crab species cultured in vitro ". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 20: 647- 656. [Crossref]
7. Bauer R. T. 1979. "Antifouling adaptations of marine shrimp (Decapoda: Caridea): gill cleaning mechanisms and grooming of brooded embryos". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society Vol 65: 281- 303. [Crossref]
8. Bauer R. T. . 1989. "Decapod crustacean grooming: functional morphology, adaptive value, and phylogenetic significance", pp.  49- 73. In, Felgenhauer B. E. , Watling L. , Thistle A. B. (eds.), Functional Morphology of Feeding and Grooming in Crustacea. Crustacean Issues. Vol Vol. 6. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
9. Bauer R. T. . 2004. Remarkable Shrimps: Adaptations and Natural History of the Carideans. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.
10. Bosc L. A. G. 1802. Manuel de l’histoire naturelle des crustacés, contenant leur description et leurs moeurs; avec figures dessinées d’après nature. Vol Vol. 1. Deterville, Paris. [Crossref]
11. Brian V. L. , Wilson A. L. , Daniel G. K. . 2001. "A method for testing the effectiveness of artificial incubation of eggs vs. maternal brooding in the freshwater crayfish Cherax destructor(Decapoda: Parastacidae)". Aquaculture Vol 195: 299- 309. [Crossref]
12. Caceci T. , Carlson C. B. , Toth T. E. , Smith S. A. . 1996. " In vitroembryogenesis of Macrobrachium rosenbergiilarvae following in vivofertilization". Aquaculture Vol 147: 169- 175. [Crossref]
13. Cassels F. , Krebs C. T. . 1983. "Comparison of artificial incubation methods using ova of the red crab Geryon quinquedensSmith (Decapoda, Brachyura)". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 3: 565- 574. [Crossref]
14. Charmantier G. , Anger K. . 1999. "Ontogeny of osmoregulation in the palaemonid shrimp Palaemonetes argentinus(Crustacea: Decapoda)". Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 181: 125- 129. [Crossref]
15. Christy J. H. 2011. "Timing of hatching and release of larvae by brachyuran crabs: patterns, adaptive significance and control". Integrative and Comparative Biology Vol 51: 62- 72. [Crossref]
16. Clutton-Brock T. H. 1991. The Evolution of Parental Care. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
17. Damrongphol P. , Eangchuan N. , Poolsanguan B. . 1990. "Simple in vitroculture of embryos of the giant freshwater prawn ( Macrobrachium rosenbergii)". Journal of the Science Society of Thailand Vol 16: 17- 24. [Crossref]
18. Dawirs R. R. 1984. "Influence of starvation on larval development of Carcinus maenasL. (Decapoda: Portunidae)". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 80: 47- 66. [Crossref]
19. Fernández M. , Pardo L. M. , Baeza J. A. . 2002. "Patterns of oxygen supply in embryos masses of brachyuran crabs throughout development: the effect of oxygen availability and chemical cues in determining female brooding behavior". Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 245: 181- 190. [Crossref]
20. Fisher W. S. 1983. "Eggs of Palaemon macrodactylus: II. Association with aquatic bacteria". The Biological Bulletin Vol 164: 201- 213. [Crossref]
21. Förster C. , Baeza J. A. . 2001. "Active brood care in the anomuran crab Petrolisthes violaceus(Decapoda: Anomura: Porcellanidae): grooming of brooded embryos by the fifth pereiopods". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 21: 606- 615. [Crossref]
22. Freire C. A. , Cavassin F. , Rodrigues E. N. , Torres A. H. , McNamara J. C. . 2003. "Adaptive patterns of osmotic and ionic regulation, and the invasion of fresh water by the palaemonids shrimps". Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A Vol 136: 771- 778. [Crossref]
23. Giménez L. 2010. "Relationships between habitat conditions, larval traits, and juvenile performance in a marine invertebrate". Ecology Vol 91: 1401- 1413. [Crossref]
24. Giménez L. , Anger K. . 2003. "Larval performance in an estuarine crab, Chasmagnathus granulata, is a consequence of both larval and embryonic experience". Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol 249: 251- 264. [Crossref]
25. Hartnoll R. G. , Paul R. G. K. . 1982. "The embryonic development of attached and isolated eggs of Carcinus maenas ". International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction Vol 5: 247- 252. [Crossref]
26. Ituarte R. B. 2008. Efectos de la salinidad sobre la reproducción y el desarrollo del camarón de agua dulce Palaemonetes argentinus. Ph.D. Thesis, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Mar del Plata.
27. Ituarte R. B. , Spivak E. D. , Anger K. . 2005. "Effects of salinity on embryonic development of Palaemonetes argentinus(Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) cultured in vitro ". Invertebrate Reproduction and Development Vol 47: 213- 223. [Crossref]
28. Ituarte R. B. , Spivak E. D. , Anger K. . 2007. "Intraspecific variability in life-history traits of a “freshwater shrimp”, Palaemonetes argentinus ". Annales de Limnologie International Journal of Limnology Vol 43: 293- 302. [Crossref]
29. Ituarte R. B. , Spivak E. D. , Camiolo M. , Anger K. . 2010. "Effects of salinity on the reproductive cycle of female freshwater shrimp, Palaemonetes argentinus ". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 30: 186- 193. [Crossref]
30. Ituarte R. B. , Vázquez M. G. , González-Sagrario M. A. , Spivak E. D. . 2014. "Carryover effects of predation risk on postembryonic life-history stages in a freshwater shrimp". Zoology: in press, DOI:
31. Jiang D. H. , Lawrencea A. L. , Neillb W. H. , Gonga H. . 2000. "Effects of temperature and salinity on nitrogenous excretion by Litopenaeus vannameijuveniles". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 253: 193- 209. [Crossref]
32. Klug H. , Alonzo S. H. , Bonsall M. B. . 2012. "Theoretical foundations of parental care", pp.  21- 39. In, Royle N. J. , Smiseth P. T. , Kölliker M. (eds.), The Evolution of Parental Care. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.
33. Kobayashi T. , Wada S. , Mukai H. . 2002. "Extended maternal care observed in Parallorchestesochotensis(Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Talitroidea, Hyalidae)". Journal of Crustacean Biology Vol 22: 135- 142. [Crossref]
34. Linnaeus C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis (edit. 10). Vol Vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm].
35. Mashiko K. 1982. "Differences in both the egg size and the clutch size of the freshwater prawn Palaemon paucidensde Haan in the Sagami river". Japanese Journal of Ecology Vol 32: 445- 451.
36. Mashiko K. . 1983. "Differences in the egg and clutch sizes of the prawn Macrobrachium nipponense(de Haan) between brackish and fresh waters of a river". Zoological Magazine Vol 92: 1- 9.
37. Müller Y. , Ammar D. , Nazari E. . 2004. "Embryonic development of four species of palaemonid prawns (Crustacea, Decapoda): pre-naupliar, naupliar and post-naupliar periods". Revista Brasileira de Zoologia Vol 21: 27- 32. [Crossref]
38. Nobili G. 1901. "Decapodi raccolti dal Dr. Filipo Silvestri nell’America meridionale". Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia comparata della R. Università di Torino Vol 16( 402): 1- 16.
39. Perkins H. C. 1972. "Developmental rates at various temperatures of embryos of the northern lobster ( Homarus americanusMilne-Edwards)". Fishery Bulletin U.S. Vol 70: 95- 99.
40. Porntrait S. , Damrongphol P. . 2008. "A simple in vitroculture of freshwater prawn embryos for laboratory investigations". Journal of Biological Education Vol 42: 138- 141. [Crossref]
41. Ruiz-Tagle N. , Fernández M. , Pörtner H.-O. . 2002. "Full time mothers: daily rhythms in brooding and non brooding behaviors of Brachyuran crabs". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology Vol 276: 31- 47. [Crossref]
42. Smiseth P. T. , Kölliker M. , Royle N. J. . 2012. "What is parental care?", pp.  1- 17. In, Royle N. J. , Smiseth P. T. , Kölliker M. (eds.), The Evolution of Parental Care. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. [Crossref]
43. Spivak E. D. 1997. "Life history of a brackish-water population of Palaemonetes argentinus(Decapoda: Caridea) in Argentina". Annales de Limnologie International Journal of Limnology Vol 33: 179- 190. [Crossref]
44. Strathmann R. R. , Staver J. M. , Hoffman J. R. . 2002. "Risk and the evolution of cell-cycle durations of embryos". Evolution Vol 56: 708- 720. [Crossref]
45. Susanto G. N. , Charmantier G. . 2001. "Crayfish freshwater adaptation starts in eggs: ontogeny of osmoregulation in embryos of Astacus leptodactylus ". Journal of Experimental Zoology Vol 7: 433- 440. [Crossref]
46. Trumbo S. T. 2012. "Patterns of parental care in invertebrates", pp.  81- 100. In, Royle N. J. , Smiseth P. T. , Kölliker M. (eds.), The Evolution of Parental Care. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. [Crossref]
47. Underwood A. 1997. Experiments in Ecology: Their Logical Design and Interpretation Using Analysis of Variance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
48. Wear R. G. 1974. "Incubation in British decapod crustacea, and the effects of temperature on the rate and success of embryonic development". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Vol 54: 745- 762. [Crossref]
49. Yávar C. , Dupré E. . 2007. "Desarrollo embrionario del camarón de río Cryphiops caementarius(Decapoda: Palaemonidae) en condiciones de laboratorio". Revista de Biología Tropical Vol 55: 15- 24.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation