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Variation in the size and composition of ejaculates produced by male American lobsters, Homarus americanusH. Milne Edwards, 1837 (Decapoda: Nephropidae)

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Variation in the quality of ejaculate produced by male American lobsters, Homarus americanusMilne Edwards, 1837, has been previously described, but never quantified. This study examined the size and composition of ejaculates produced by 111 males ranging from 60 to 108 mm in carapace length (CL). Ejaculates were obtained via electrical stimulation, photographed and then processed for histology. Half of the males produced an ejaculate from each gonopore, 29% produced only one ejaculate, and the remainder (21%) produced none. Males as small as 64 mm CL produced an ejaculate containing sperm. Ejaculate weight increased with male size, but there was a negative relationship between ejaculate weight and the percent of the ejaculate that was composed of sperm mass. Variation observed in the size and composition of ejaculates produced by similarly-sized males indicates that not all males invest equally in reproduction. Additionally, larger males may invest disproportionately more in the sperm plug (acellular component), possibly as paternal assurance.

Affiliations: 1: 1Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries, 30 Emerson Avenue, Gloucester, MA 01930, USA; 2: 2Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Gulf Fisheries Center, Moncton, NB, Canada E1C 9B6; 3: 3Department of Biological Sciences, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA

10.1163/1937240X-00002365
/content/journals/10.1163/1937240x-00002365
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