Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here


No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Crustacean Biology

ABSTRACT The physiological and behavioral ecology of the terrestrial amphipod Arcitalitrus sylvaticus (Haswell, 1880) was investigated. Four main aspects were examined: thermal tolerance and thermal acclimation, water loss, resistance to desiccation (as survival), and orientation along a humidity gradient. Thermal tolerance was not affected by the body weight of the amphipod but could be altered through acclimation to higher temperatures. Transpiration rates were affected by body weight, i.e., small amphipods lost water faster than larger amphipods. In dry air (20% relative humidity) and moist air (100% relative humidity) transpiration rates were directly affected by temperature. The survival of A. sylvaticus was tested at various temperature-humidity combinations; survival for periods longer than 48 h was achieved only at relative humidities of 100% at temperatures less than 30°C. In an experimental chamber designed to maintain an internal gradient of 50-100% relative humidity, a higher frequency of position records was recorded on the more humid side. In contrast, amphipods placed inside a chamber with a uniform relative humidity of 100% showed no preference to chamber side. The results provide evidence that A. sylvaticus adapts to the terrestrial habitat through behavioral rather than physiological mechanisms.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California 94132; (present address) Division of Invertebrate Zoology, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, 170 Whitney Avenue, P.O. Box 6666, New Haven, Connecticut 06511.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of Crustacean Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation