Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Open Access What is Difficult about Grammatical Gender? Evidence from Heritage Russian

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

What is Difficult about Grammatical Gender? Evidence from Heritage Russian

  • HTML
  • PDF
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Language Contact

The paper examines the role of lexical, morphological, and discourse-referential factors in gender assignment with animate nouns in heritage Russian in order to explore the extent to which these different interfaces are challenging in heritage language acquisition. The analysis of concordant and discordant agreement patterns with nouns representing each type of gender categorization mechanism points to unequal difficulty associated with different types of gender allocation strategies. In particular, heritage speakers converge with baseline speakers in rating possible and impossible agreement combinations in the presence of fixed and transparent lexical and morphological gender categorization cues; however, they display non-target-like judgments of unmarked and underspecified forms characterized by variable agreement behavior (i.e., hybrid nouns and common gender nouns). Problems with forms whose gender reference is disambiguated at the level of discourse point to the syntax-discourse interface as a locus of systematic difficulty for heritage language speakers.

Affiliations: 1: State University of New York at New Paltz, lalekoo@newpaltz.edu

The paper examines the role of lexical, morphological, and discourse-referential factors in gender assignment with animate nouns in heritage Russian in order to explore the extent to which these different interfaces are challenging in heritage language acquisition. The analysis of concordant and discordant agreement patterns with nouns representing each type of gender categorization mechanism points to unequal difficulty associated with different types of gender allocation strategies. In particular, heritage speakers converge with baseline speakers in rating possible and impossible agreement combinations in the presence of fixed and transparent lexical and morphological gender categorization cues; however, they display non-target-like judgments of unmarked and underspecified forms characterized by variable agreement behavior (i.e., hybrid nouns and common gender nouns). Problems with forms whose gender reference is disambiguated at the level of discourse point to the syntax-discourse interface as a locus of systematic difficulty for heritage language speakers.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/journals/19552629/11/2/19552629_011_02_s003_text.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102004&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah
/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102004
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Alexiadou Artemis,. 2004. "Inflection class, gender and dp internal structure". In Alexiadou Artemis, and Allen Hall T. (eds.), Explorations in Nominal Inflection , 2149. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2. Bar-Shalom Eva, and Zaretsky Elena. 2008. "Selective attrition in Russian-English bilingual children: Preservation of grammatical aspect". International Journal of Bilingualism Vol 12(4): 281302.
3. Benmamoun Elabbas,, Montrul Silvina,, and Polinsky Maria. 2013. "Heritage languages and their speakers: Opportunities and challenges for linguistics". Theoretical Linguistics Vol 39: 129181.
4. Comrie Bernard,, Stone Gerald,, and Polinsky Maria. 1996. The Russian Language in the Twentieth Century . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
5. Corbett Greville G. 1979. "The agreement hierarchy". Journal of Linguistics Vol 15(2): 203224.
6. Corbett Greville G. 1982. "Gender in Russian: An account of gender specification and its relationship to declension". Russian Linguistics Vol 6: 197232.
7. Corbett Greville G. 1983. Hierarchies, Targets, and Controllers: Agreement Patterns in Slavic . London: Croom Helm.
8. Corbett Greville G. 1991. Gender . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
9. Corbett Greville G., 2013. "Gender typology". In Corbett Greville G. (ed.), The Expression of Gender , 87130. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
10. Crockett Dina B. 1976. Agreement in Contemporary Standard Russian . Cambridge, ma: Slavica.
11. Dahl Östen,. 2000. "Animacy and the notion of semantic gender". In Unterbeck Barbara,, Rissanen Matti,, Nevalainen Terttu, and Saari Mirija (eds.), Gender in Grammar and Cognition , 99115. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
12. Doleschal Ursula,. 1999. "Gender assignment revisited". In Unterbeck Barbara et al. (eds.), Gender in Grammar and Cognition , 134155. Berlin: de Gruyter.
13. Doleschal Ursula,. 2015. "Gender marking". In Müller Peter O.,, Ohnheiser Ingeborg,, Olsen Susan,, and Rainer Franz (eds.), Word-Formation: An International Handbook of the Languages of Europe . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. http://www.academia.edu/9991836/Gender_marking. Accessed August 10, 2015.
14. Doleschal Ursula, and Schmid Sonja,. 2001. "Doing gender in Russian". In Hellinger Marlis, and Bussman Hadumod (eds.), Gender Across Languages , 253282. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
15. Dubinina Irina, and Polinsky Maria,. 2013. "Russian in the us". In Moser Michael, and Polinsky Maria (eds.), Slavic Languages in Migration , 128. Wien: University of Vienna.
16. Fraser Norman, and Corbett Greville G.,. 1995. "Gender, animacy, and declensional class assignment: A unified account for Russian". In Booij Geert, and van Marle Jaap (eds.), Yearbook of Morphology 1994 , 123150. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
17. Gor Kira,. 2015. "Phonology and morphology in lexical processing". In Schweiter John W. (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Bilingual Processing , 173199. Cambridge, uk: Cambridge University Press.
18. Gvozdev Aleksandr N. 1961. Voprosy Izučenija Detskoj Reči . Moscow: Izd-vo Akademii Pedagogičeskix Nauk rsfsr.
19. Heim Stefan. 2008. "Syntactic gender processing in the human brain: A review and a model". Brain and Language Vol 106: 5564.
20. Hellinger Marlis, and Bussmann Hadumod,. 2001. "Gender across languages: The linguistic representation of women and men". In Hellinger Marlis, and Bussman Hadumod (eds.), Gender Across Languages , 127. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
21. Hernandez Arturo. E.,, Kotz Sonja A.,, Hofmann Juliane,, Valentin Vivian V.,, Dapretto Mirella,, and Bookheimer Susan Y. (2004). "The neural correlates of grammatical gender decisions in Spanish". Neuroreport Vol 15(5): 863866.
22. Jakobson Roman. 1971. "The gender pattern of Russian". In Selected Writings ii: Word and Language , 184186. The Hague: Mouton.
23. Krongauz Maksim A. 1993. "Sexus, ili problema pola v russkom jazyke". In Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Slavic and Balkan Studies (ed.), Rusistika, Slavistika, Indoevrpeistika , 510525. Moskva: Indrik.
24. Laleko Oksana. 2010. The Syntax-Pragmatics Interface in Language Loss: Covert Restructuring of Aspect in Heritage Russian . Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota.
25. Laleko Oksana. 2013. "Assessing heritage language vitality: Russian in the United States". Heritage Language Journal Vol 10(3): 89102.
26. Laleko Oksana,. 2015. "From privative to equipollent: Incipient changes in the aspectual system of heritage Russian". In Zybatow Gerhild,, Biskup Petr,, Guhl Marcel,, Hurtig Claudia,, Mueller-Reichau Olav, and Yastrebova Maria (eds.), Slavic Grammar from a Formal Perspective , 273286. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
27. Laleko, Oksana and Irina Dubinina. 2018. Word order production in heritage Russian: Perspectives from linguistics and pedagogy. In Susan Bauckus and Susan Kresin (eds.), Connecting across Languages and Cultures: A Heritage Language Festschrift in Honor of Olga Kagan, 191–215. Bloomington, in: Slavica.
28. Laleko Oksana, and Polinsky Maria. 2013. "Marking topic or marking case? A comparative investigation of heritage Japanese and heritage Korean." Heritage Language Journal Vol 10(2): 4064.
29. Laleko Oksana, and Polinsky Maria. 2016. "Between syntax and discourse: Topic and case marking in heritage speakers and L2 learners of Japanese and Korean". Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism Vol 6(4): 396439.
30. Laleko, Oksana and Maria Polinsky. 2017. Silence is difficult: Referential dependencies in bilingual grammars. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 36(1): 135–163.
31. Manova Stela,. 2005. "Derivation versus inflection in three inflecting languages". In Dressler Wolfgang U.,, Kastovsky Dieter,, Pfeiffer Oskar,, and Rainer Franz (eds.), Morphology and Its Demarcations: Selected Papers from the 11thInternational Morphology Meeting , 233252. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. http://www.academia.edu/991812/Derivation_versus_inflection_in_three_inflecting_languages. Accessed 11 August, 2015.
32. Montrul Silvina, and Ionin Tania. 2010. "Transfer effects in the interpretation of definite articles by Spanish heritage speakers". Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol 13(4), 44973.
33. Mozdzierz Barbara M., 1999. "The rule of femininization in Russian". In Mills Margaret H. (ed.), Slavic Gender Linguistics , 165181. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
34. Nikunlassi Ahti,. 2000. "On gender assignment in Russian". In Unterbeck Barbara,, Rissanen Matti,, Nevalainen Terttu, and Saari Mirija (eds.), Gender in Grammar and Cognition , 771791. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
35. Padovani Roberto,, Calandra-Buonaura Giovanna,, Cacciari Cristina,, Benuzzi Francesca,, and Paolo Nichelli. 2005. "Grammatical gender in the brain: Evidence from an fMRI study on Italian". Brain Research Bulletin Vol 65(4): 301308.
36. Polinsky Maria. 2006. "Incomplete acquisition: American Russian". Journal of Slavic Linguistics Vol 14: 191262.
37. Polinsky Maria. 2008. "Gender under incomplete acquisition: Heritage speakers’ knowledge of noun categorization". Heritage Language Journal Vol 6(1): 4071.
38. Polinsky Maria, and Kagan Olga. 2007. "Heritage languages: In the ‘wild’ and in the classroom". Language and Linguistics Compass Vol 1(5): 368395.
39. Prévost Philippe, and White Lydia. 2000. "Missing surface inflection or impairment in second language? Evidence from tense and agreement". Second Language Research Vol 16(2): 10333.
40. Ralli Angela. 2002. "The role of morphology in gender determination: Evidence from Modern Greek". Linguistics Vol 40(3): 519551.
41. Rappaport Gilbert C., 2014. "Determiner phrases and mixed agreement in Slavic". In Schürcks Lilia,, Giannakidou Anastasia,, and Etxeberria Urtzi (eds.), The Nominal Structure in Slavic and Beyond . Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter.
42. Rothstein Robert A., 1973. "Sex, gender, and the October revolution". In Anderson Stephan, and Kiparsky Paul (eds.), A Festschrift for Morris Halle , 460466. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
43. Schiller Niels O.,, Munte Thomas F.,, Horemans Iemke,, and Bernadette M. Jansma. 2003. "The influence of semantic and phonological factors on syntactic decisions: An event-related brain potential study". Psychophysiology Vol 40(6): 869877.
44. Scontras Gregory,, Fuchs Zuzanna,, and Polinsky Maria. 2015. "Heritage language and linguistic theory". Frontiers Vol 6: 1545. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4598584. Accessed April 10, 2016.
45. Siegal Michael,, Iozzi Laura,, and Surian Luca. 2009. "Bilingualism and conversational understanding in young children". Cognition Vol 110: 115122.
46. Slabakova Roumyana. 2014. "The bottleneck of second language acquisition". Foreign Language Teaching and Research Vol 46(4): 543559.
47. Sorace Antonella. 2009. "Internal and external interfaces in bilingual language development: Beyond structural overlap". International Journal of Bilingualism Vol 13(2): 195210.
48. Sorace Antonella. 2011. "Pinning down the concept of ‘interface’ in bilingualism". Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism Vol 1: 133.
49. Sorace Antonella, and Serratrice Ludovica. 2009. "Internal and external interfaces in bilingual language development: Beyond structural overlap". International Journal of Bilingualism Vol 13(2): 195210.
50. Švedova Natalia Ju., 1980. "Podčinitel’nye svjazi slov i slovosočetanija". In Švedova Natalia Ju. (ed.), Russkaja Grammatika ii: Syntaksis , 1382. Moscow: Nauka.
51. Varlokosta Spyridoula,. 2001. "The role of morphology in grammatical gender assignment: A psycholinguistic study in Greek". In Galani Alexandra,, Hicks Glyn,, and Tsoulas George (eds.), Morphology and Its Interfaces , 321349. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102004
Loading
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102004
2018-04-12
2018-11-14

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation