Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Open Access Nonconvergence and Divergence in Bilingual Phonological and Phonetic Systems: Low Back Vowels in Moundridge Schweitzer German and English

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Nonconvergence and Divergence in Bilingual Phonological and Phonetic Systems: Low Back Vowels in Moundridge Schweitzer German and English

  • PDF
  • HTML
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Language Contact

This study explores the bilingual phonology of two heritage speakers of Moundridge Schweitzer German (MSG) from Moundridge, Kansas. The speakers are descendants of Mennonite speakers of German who settled in the area around Moundridge, Kansas, in the 1870s. The production of Moundridge Schweitzer German /a/ and /ɔ/ and American English /a/ and /ɔ/ were compared and no evidence of phonological or phonetic convergence was found. For one speaker, there was evidence that phonetic realizations of /a/ and /ɔ/ in the two languages were diverging with a merger or a near merger of the two vowels in the heritage variety of German but not in English.

Affiliations: 1: The Pennsylvania State University, huj122@psu.edu ; 2: The Pennsylvania State University, lara.schwarz@psu.edu ; 3: The Pennsylvania State University, page@psu.edu

This study explores the bilingual phonology of two heritage speakers of Moundridge Schweitzer German (MSG) from Moundridge, Kansas. The speakers are descendants of Mennonite speakers of German who settled in the area around Moundridge, Kansas, in the 1870s. The production of Moundridge Schweitzer German /a/ and /ɔ/ and American English /a/ and /ɔ/ were compared and no evidence of phonological or phonetic convergence was found. For one speaker, there was evidence that phonetic realizations of /a/ and /ɔ/ in the two languages were diverging with a merger or a near merger of the two vowels in the heritage variety of German but not in English.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/journals/19552629/11/2/19552629_011_02_s005_text.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102006&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah
/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102006
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Andersen Roger W., 1982. "Determining the linguistic attributes of language attrition". In Lambert Richard D., and Freed Barbara F. (eds.), The Loss of Language Skills , 83118. Rowley, ma: Newbury.
2. Bullock Barbara E.,, Dalola Amanda,, and Gerfen Chip. 2006. "Mapping the patterns of maintenance versus merger in bilingual phonology: The preservation of [a] vs. [A] in Frenchville French". New Perspectives on Romance Linguistics Vol 2: 1530.
3. Bullock Barbara E., and Gerfen Chip. 2004. "Phonological convergence in a contracting language variety". Bilingualism: Language and Cognition Vol 7(2): 95104.
4. Di Paolo Marianna. 1992. "Hypercorrection in response to the apparent merger of (ɔ) and (a) in Utah English". Language and Communication Vol 12: 267292.
5. Di Paolo Marianna,, and Faber Alice. 1990. "Phonation differences and the phonetic content of the tense-lax contrast in Utah English". Language Variation and Change Vol 2(2): 155204.
6. Eberhardt Maeve. 2008. "The low-back merger in the Steel City: African American English and Pittsburgh Speech". American Speech Vol 83(3): 284311.
7. Fridland Valerie,, Kendall Tyler,, and Farrington Charlie. 2014. "Durational and spectral differences in American English vowels: Dialect variation within and across regions". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Vol 136(1): 341349.
8. Godson Linda. 2004. "Vowel production in the speech of Western Armenian heritage speakers". Heritage Language Journal Vol 2: 4570.
9. Gordon Matthew J. 2013. "Investigating Chain Shifts and Mergers". In J.K. Chambers and Natalie Schilling (eds.), Handbook of Language Variation and Change , 2d ed. 203219. Chichester, uk: Wiley-Blackwell.
10. Guion Susan G. 2003. "The vowel systems of Quichua-Spanish bilinguals". Phonetica Vol 60(2): 98128.
11. Hall-Lew Lauren. 2010. "Improved representation of variance in measures of vowel merger". Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics Vol 9: 060002.
12. Herold Ruth. 1990. Mechanisms of merger: The implementation and distribution of the low back merger in Eastern Pennsylvania . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
13. Hillenbrand James,, Getty Laura A.,, Clark Michael J.,, and Wheeler Kimberlee. 1995. "Acoustic characteristics of American English vowels". The Journal of the Acoustical society of America Vol 97.5: 30993111.
14. Hopp Holger,, and Putnam Michael T.. 2015. "Syntactic restructuring in heritage grammars: Word order variation in Moundridge Schweitzer German". Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism Vol 5(2): 180214.
15. Keiser Steven Hartman. 2001. Language Change across Speech Islands: The Emergence of a Midwestern Dialect of Pennsylvania German . Ph.D. dissertation, The Ohio State University.
16. Kewley-Port Diane,, and Zheng Yijian. 1999. "Vowel formant discrimination: Towards more ordinary listening conditions". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Vol 106: 29452958.
17. Kurath Hans,, and McDavid, Raven I.Jr. 1961. The Pronunciation of English in the Atlantic States: Based upon the Collections of the Linguistic Atlas of the Eastern United States . Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press.
18. Labov William,, Ash Sharon,, and Boberg Charles. 2005. The Atlas of North American English: Phonology, Phonology and Sound Change . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
19. Lipski John. 2015. "Colliding vowel systems in Andean Spanish: Carryovers and emergent properties". Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism Vol 5(1): 89119.
20. Lusk Melanie. 1976. Phonological Variation in Kansas City: A Sociolinguistic Analysis of Three-Generation Families . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas.
21. Majors Tivoli. 2005. "Low Back Vowel Merger in Missouri speech: Acoustic description and explanation". American Speech Vol 80: 165179.
22. Mayer Mercer. 1969. Frog where are you . New York: Dial Press.
23. McCully Chris. 2009. The Sound Structure of English: An Introduction . Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
24. Metcalf Allan. 1972. "Directions of Change in Southern California English". Journal of English Linguistics Vol 6: 2834.
25. Montrul Silvina. 2009. "Incomplete acquisition of tense-aspect and mood in Spanish heritage speakers". The International Journal of Bilingualism Vol 13: 239269.
26. Montrul Silvina. 2010. "Current Issues in Heritage Language Acquisition". Annual Review of Applied Linguistics Vol 30: 323.
27. Nycz Jennifer,, and Hall-Lew Lauren. 2013. "Best practices in measuring vowel merger". The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Vol 134(5): 41984198.
28. Ohala John J. 1981. "The listener as a source of sound change". Chicago Linguistic Society Vol 17: 178203.
29. Ohala John J., 1993. "The phonetics of sound change". In Jones Charles (ed.), Historical Linguistics: Problems and Perspectives , 237278. New York and London: Longman.
30. O’Rourke Erin,. 2010. "Dialect differences and the bilingual vowel space in Peruvian Spanish". In Ortega-Llebaria Maria (ed.), Selected Proceedings of the 4thConference on Laboratory Approaches to Spanish Phonology , 2030. Somerville, ma: Cascadilla Proceddings Project. www.lingref.com,document#2363.
31. Pätzold Matthias,, and Simpson Adrian P.. 1997. "Acoustic analysis of German vowels in the Kiel Corpus of Read Speech". Arbeitsberichte des Instituts für Phonetik und digitale Spachverarbeitung Universität Kiel Vol 32: 215247.
32. Polinsky Maria. 2006. "Incomplete acquisition: American Russian". Journal of Slavic Linguistics Vol 14: 191262.
33. Polinsky M., 2008. "Heritage language narratives". In Brinton D.,, Kagan O.,, and Bauckus S. (eds.), Heritage Language Education. A New Field Emerging , 149164. New York: Routledge.
34. Putnam Michael T. 2012. "Dative case maintenance in Moundridge Schweitzer German via restructuring". Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik Vol 79(1): 4364.
35. Putnam Michael T.,, and Salmons Joseph C., J. 2013. "Losing their (passive) voice: Syntactic neutralization in heritage German". Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism Vol 3: 233252.
36. Putnam Michael T.,, and Sánchez Liliana. 2013. "What’s so incomplete about incomplete acquisition?: A prolegomenon to modeling heritage language grammars". Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism Vol 3: 478508.
37. Rein Kurt. 1977. Religiöse Minderheiten als Sprachgemeinschaftsmodelle: Deutsche Sprachinseln täufersichen Ursprungs in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika . Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
38. Rothman Jason. 2009. "Understanding the natural and outcomes of early bilingualism: Romance languages as heritage languages". International Journal of Bilingualism Vol 13: 155163.
39. Schirmunski Viktor M. 1962. Deutsche Mundartkunde. Vergleichende Laut- und Formenlehre der deutschen Mundarten . Berlin: Akademie der Wissenschaften.
40. Strube Hans Werner,, and Antoniadis Zissis. 1984. "Untersuchungen zur spezifischen Dauer deutscher Vokale". Phonetica Vol 41(2): 7287.
41. Weinreich Uriel. 1963. Languages in contact: Findings and problems . The Hague: Mouton.
42. Wiese Richard. 2000. The phonology of German . Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102006
Loading
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/19552629-01102006
2018-04-12
2018-07-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation