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Calquing, Structural Borrowing and Metatypy in the Dongxiang Language


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The Dongxiang language, spoken in Southern Gansu province in the People’s Republic of China, is a Mongolic language that has been in contact with Linxianese, a neighboring Chinese dialect. These contacts have induced massive phonological and lexical changes in the Dongxiang language, but only a few syntactic changes due to the influence of Linxianese can be traced. In this paper, I describe and analyze two particular cases of the grammatical function expansion of two suffixes, -ni and -ji, used with ­adjectives in Dongxiang. From those examples, I try to show that there is a difference between two phenomena present in the Dongxiang language, one being closer to a calque and the other closer to grammaticalization, and eventually metatypy. I also describe a hypothetical borrowing process reflecting the grammatical integration of these two suffixes.
La langue dongxiang, parlée dans le sud du Gansu en République Populaire de Chine, est une langue mongolique qui a été en contact avec le dialecte chinois voisin de Linxia. Celui-ci a influencé la langue dongxiang sur le plan phonologique et lexical de façon importante alors que la syntaxe ne semble pas avoir été autant influencée. Dans cet article, je décris et analyse deux suffixes, -ni et -ji, utilisés avec des adjectifs, dont les fonctions se sont étendues sous l’influence du linxianais. A partir de ces exemples, j’essaye de montrer qu’il existe deux phénomènes distincts, l’un se rapprochant du calque et l’autre de la grammaticalisation, et éventuellement de la métatypie. Je tente également de décrire le processus d’emprunt possible qui reflète l’intégration grammaticale des deux suffixes dans la langue dongxiang.  


Affiliations: 1: Centre de recherches linguistiques sur l’Asie Orientale, Paris; Mahatma Gandhi Institute, Moka, Mauritius
lefort.juliepauline@gmail.com


10.1163/19606028-00442p03
/content/journals/10.1163/19606028-00442p03
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/content/journals/10.1163/19606028-00442p03
2015-12-08
2017-11-22

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