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Reconstructing Old Chinese uvulars in the Baxter-Sagart system (Version 0.99)'

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This paper discusses the reconstruction of uvular and labio-uvular stops in Old Chinese, originally proposed by Pan Wuyun. The following two improvements are proposed: (1) the Old Chinese non labialized voiced uvular stop evolved to Middle Chinese y- (???) rather than hj- (???) in Pan's theory (which implies that Middle Chinese y- has two sources in Old Chinese: *1- and *G-); (2) uvulars and labio-uvulars evolve to MC velars when preceded by a minor syllable. This explains why velars and uvulars frequently alternate in phonetic series. The article also explores the evolution of (labio)uvulars in the context of different prefixes.

Affiliations: 1: (EHESS-CRLAO)-CNRS 54, Bd Raspail 75006 Paris FRANCE; 2: Department of Linguistics Dept of Asian Languages and Cultures University of Michigan Ann Arbor MI 48109-1285 - USA


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